It has been thirty-five years since the official discovery of HIV. Although great strides and advances in science have allowed those infected to live long productive lives, globally, millions have died. Of the many countries HIV and AIDS have afflicted, no country has been more impacted by the devastation of the incurable disease than Africa. “Sub-Saharan Africa has the most serious HIV and AIDS epidemic in the world. The gravity of this epidemic has made an impact and gained attention of organizations created to help.
Statistics of HIV/AIDS in Africa
An estimated 24.7 million people were living with HIV, accounting for 71% of the global total” (Avert.org, 2016) . In 2015, 2.1 million individuals worldwide became newly infected with HIV of which 150,000 were children younger than 15 years of age. Most of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa and were infected by their HIV-positive mothers during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding (AIDS.gov, 2016).
Causes of High Incidence Rate of HIV/AIDS and Impact in Africa
Major factors that continue to plague the country are unprotected sex, mother-to-child transmission, and IV drug use. HIV disproportionately affects young women with 4 in 10 new infections among women are in young women aged 15-24. Research has found that relationships between young women and older men are common and associated with unsafe sexual behavior and low condom use, which heightens their risk of HIV infection (Avert.org, 2016). Intimate partner violence accounts for the increase of sexually transmitted diseases through the correlation of men who are violent towards women are more likely to have multiple sex partners (Avert.org, 2016).
Equally disturbing is the transmission of HIV in Afric...
... middle of paper ...
...y. “For many years now, tackling gender inequality has been regarded as key to achieving a broad range of development goals. For example, Goal 3 of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) was to Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women” (Avert.org, 2016). The protection of women culturally, socially, and legally would be a positive step in the decrease of HIV associated transmission through rape, abuse, sex-workers/trafficking, and intimate partner violence.
There is no cure for HIV. In a matter of two decades, a race of people could literally become an endangered race of human beings. With the help of organizations such as Avert.org, the WHO, and UNAIDS, information, education, and resources could decrease the transmission rate. “The post-AIDS world will be very different from the one we know today—and it is one we can create” (UNAIDS.org, 2015, p. 7).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- HIV commonness in East Africa is generally medium to high, and second behind southern Africa. On the other hand, general predominance has been in decay for as long as two decades. For instance, Kenya has seen its HIV prevalence decrease from a height of 14 percent to about 6 percent. Uganda and Tanzania likewise have infection rate of more than 5 percent, with the most reduced found in Madagascar which is 0.5 percent and Mauritius with 1.2 percent. Regardless of this advancement, there are new regions of worry with HIV prevalence on the ascent among vulnerable groups including individuals who infuse drugs, detainees and uniformed services (for example, the military and the police).... [tags: Africa, AIDS, HIV, Sub-Saharan Africa]
1442 words (4.1 pages)
- In today 's society the problem that is looked at the most is Terrorism, many people does not realize the fact that there is an even bigger problem that is going on that has killed as many people as well which is HIV. There are many ways to prevent being infected with HIV. HIV is considered to be widespread because of the many deaths it has caused. As a matter of fact, this disease has destroyed people all over like South America, Asia, and mainly in North America and Sub-Saharan. Reason is because many people have little knowledge about HIV and how to prevent it.... [tags: AIDS, HIV, Africa, Immune system]
1184 words (3.4 pages)
- A country once in denial now has it’s South African political leaders addressing the disease that is slowing killing their population The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which evolves into acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is affecting South Africa socially as well as economically. This disease is also leaving over a million and a half children orphaned. Most of these children are not only orphaned but living with the virus as well. Brief History of HIV/AIDS and Government Involvement in South Africa The Centers for disease control (CDC) has declared AIDS a global pandemic.... [tags: HIV in Africa]
1760 words (5 pages)
- The current rate of HIV/AIDS in Botswana clearly shows that the current government has failed to implement successful solutions in regards to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. These failures have led to the death of 3,200 people, in 2015. (AVERT 2016). Government HIV/AIDS policy in Botswana started out great. When the first cases of HIV/AIDS started to rise in 1987, the country took great measures to enact policy that would eradicate the problem. Botswana put in place a one-year national emergency plan that was first enacted in 1987.... [tags: AIDS, HIV, South Africa, Africa]
1734 words (5 pages)
- Médecins Sans Frontières ' HIV/AIDS outreach Authors name censored University of the People Médecins Sans Frontières (aka Doctors Without Borders) is an international NGO established in 1971 that is dedicated to providing humanitarian aid in emergency situations, globally. Their mission, as stated in their charter, is to “[provide] assistance to populations in distress, to victims of natural or man-made disasters, and to victims of armed conflict... irrespective of race, religion, creed, or political convictions.” (“Charter”, 2013).... [tags: AIDS, HIV, Africa, Antiretroviral drug]
816 words (2.3 pages)
- Shukria Fairooz NURS 420- Policy Brief HIV/AIDS in Zambia In 2014, UNAIDS estimated that around 1,200,000 people are living with HIV/AIDS in Zambia. According to the UNAIDS report, the prevalence rate for adults aged 15 to 49 is 12.4%. About 1 million women aged 15 and up are living with AIDS and roughly 100,000 children aged 0 to 14 are living with HIV. (UNAIDS) The most affected populations are men who have sex with men (MSM), migrants, sex workers, women, children and orphans. Some of the risk factors are having multiple and concurrent sexual partnerships, mother to child transmission, and low condom use.... [tags: AIDS, HIV, Human sexual behavior]
953 words (2.7 pages)
- HIV and Aids in Sub Saharan Africa Introduction Sub Saharan Africa has a very serious HIV / AIDS epidemic with millions of its people living with the disease. It has now become a human tragedy in many areas of the world, but most affected is sub Saharan Africa. It is no coincidence that the countries suffering most with HIV / AIDS are also the poorest. HIV / AIDS is now considered to be the single most important impediment to social progress to many countries in Africa .This report will analyse the current situation using up to date sources from articles, books and the World Wide Web.... [tags: HIV in Africa]
982 words (2.8 pages)
- AIDS In Africa HIV-AIDS has infected over thirty million people in the world. Over 95% of all AIDS cases in the world are in Africa and in some of those countries over 40% of the people are infected (Frederickson and Kanabus HIV and AIDS in Africa 1). AIDS does not solely affect homosexuals, or any certain ethnicity of people, either; HIV-AIDS can affect any type of ethnicity including African Americans, Caucasians, Asians, Indians, and Hispanic people. AIDS cannot be reversed or cured, but with proper treatment this deadly virus can be controlled and people can live a nearly normal life.... [tags: AIDS HIV Disease Africa African Essays]
2869 words (8.2 pages)
- With reference to one animal or human disease, explain why its economic consequences can vary spatially. Introduction There are many diseases, which produce economic consequences and which can vary in their effect depending on location. Some are Tuberculosis (TB), Malaria, Ebola Virus and AIDs. Throughout this report I am going to focus on the AIDs virus. HIV is the Human immunodeficiency virus, and AIDs is the Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, which it causes. HIV is a slow retrovirus, which means that not only does it take months to show any symptoms and years to develop fully.... [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health]
1969 words (5.6 pages)
- HIV Like the majority of the American population I have lived in a cloud of ignorance about the HIV and AIDS crisis. I have never know anyone close to me that has been infected with either of the two viruses. So when the option to research something to do with sexuality arouse I felt this would definitely further my education about a lethal killer that is roaming this earth. Since I knew next to nothing about this topic I will start from the begging of the disease and discuss where it's at now.... [tags: HIV and AIDS]
1857 words (5.3 pages)