Hiv / Aids And Its Effects On Africa Essays

Hiv / Aids And Its Effects On Africa Essays

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Introduction
It has been thirty-five years since the official discovery of HIV. Although great strides and advances in science have allowed those infected to live long productive lives, globally, millions have died. Of the many countries HIV and AIDS have afflicted, no country has been more impacted by the devastation of the incurable disease than Africa. “Sub-Saharan Africa has the most serious HIV and AIDS epidemic in the world. The gravity of this epidemic has made an impact and gained attention of organizations created to help.
Statistics of HIV/AIDS in Africa
An estimated 24.7 million people were living with HIV, accounting for 71% of the global total” (Avert.org, 2016) . In 2015, 2.1 million individuals worldwide became newly infected with HIV of which 150,000 were children younger than 15 years of age. Most of these children live in sub-Saharan Africa and were infected by their HIV-positive mothers during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding (AIDS.gov, 2016).
Causes of High Incidence Rate of HIV/AIDS and Impact in Africa
Major factors that continue to plague the country are unprotected sex, mother-to-child transmission, and IV drug use. HIV disproportionately affects young women with 4 in 10 new infections among women are in young women aged 15-24. Research has found that relationships between young women and older men are common and associated with unsafe sexual behavior and low condom use, which heightens their risk of HIV infection (Avert.org, 2016). Intimate partner violence accounts for the increase of sexually transmitted diseases through the correlation of men who are violent towards women are more likely to have multiple sex partners (Avert.org, 2016).
Equally disturbing is the transmission of HIV in Afric...


... middle of paper ...


...y. “For many years now, tackling gender inequality has been regarded as key to achieving a broad range of development goals. For example, Goal 3 of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) was to Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women” (Avert.org, 2016). The protection of women culturally, socially, and legally would be a positive step in the decrease of HIV associated transmission through rape, abuse, sex-workers/trafficking, and intimate partner violence.
Conclusion
There is no cure for HIV. In a matter of two decades, a race of people could literally become an endangered race of human beings. With the help of organizations such as Avert.org, the WHO, and UNAIDS, information, education, and resources could decrease the transmission rate. “The post-AIDS world will be very different from the one we know today—and it is one we can create” (UNAIDS.org, 2015, p. 7).

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