Essay on Hiv / Aids And Hepatitis B And C

Essay on Hiv / Aids And Hepatitis B And C

Length: 782 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

As we know, drug addiction is a problem in the United States. In the beginning of the 1980s the United States was not only dealing with the drug war, but a new mystery outbreak of disease, now known as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C. The rapid outbreak of blood-borne related diseases (i.e., HIV/AIDs and hepatitis B and C) among drug users who injected, led to the conclusion that this mysterious new illness transmitted through contamination of blood and other body fluids. Subsequently, syringe access laws were created to provide free, if not affordable access to sterile syringes in exchange for the used syringes. This essay will discuss the history of HIV and how it led to syringe exchange programs.
According to the American Cancer Society, “Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is a cancer that develops from the cells that line lymph or blood vessels,” which prior to the 1980s commonly occurred in older people. However, in the beginning of the 1980s, there were five registered cases of young gay men who were hospitalized in California and New York with what was believed to be a rare form of cancer and/or pneumonia called Pneumocystis Pneumonia Carinii (History of HIV & AIDS in the U.S.A). According to WebMD, “Pneumocystis Pneumonic (PCP) is a serious infection that causes inflammation and fluid buildup in the lungs.” The number of cases had increased rapidly in the beginning of the 1980s, to roughly six a week. In addition, it was during this period of time in which the disease became associated as a gay disease (e.g., gay-related immune deficiency, gay cancer, community acquired immune dysfunction, and gay compromise syndrome) (History of HIV & AIDS in the U.S.A).
The Human Immunodeficiency virus (HIV), is a virus that weakens the immune sys...

... middle of paper ...

Nonetheless, syringe exchange programs have proven to be an effective strategy in preventing blood-borne infectious diseases as well as cost effective (Syringe Exchange Programs). As a result, the majority of the states have enacted syringe access laws providing sterile syringes, supplies as well as treatment to drug users who inject. Consequently, the rate of HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C infections have decreased drastically in the past decade. Clearly, syringe exchange programs are a crucial intervention, which aid in reducing the rates of blood-borne related diseases. Evidently, drug abuse is a public health issue and should be treated as such, establishing programs that provide sterile supplies as well as education, will not only help reduce the number of infections among drug users, but could help reduce the number of people who do drugs as well.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Hiv, Aids And Viral Hepatitis

- Introduction Sex workers are a marginalized population and for that reason, they don’t receive much attention from researchers and public health officials. The government of Brazil has had to implement measures to combat the spread of HIV among people who inject drugs. One of the leading ways of transmission is people who share needles when using drugs and the government has been giving out free needles ("HIV and AIDS in Brazil | AVERT", 2016). The condition could be exacerbated if someone is locked up in prison....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Homosexuality, Gender]

Better Essays
1650 words (4.7 pages)

Aids, No Cure For Aids Essay

- Unfortunately, AIDS is one of the many public health issues affecting the world today. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency disorder. It is the final stage of HIV(Human immunodeficiency disorder). As its name states HIV attacks the T cells that help the immune system to fight off infections. If left untreated, a significant amount of T cells will be killed, leaving the body susceptible to several opportunistic diseases. At this point, the disease has reached its final stage of AIDS. HIV/ AIDS is contracted through acts in which bodily fluids are exchanged, such as sex, blood transfusions, and sharing needles....   [tags: AIDS, Immune system, Blood, HIV]

Better Essays
1283 words (3.7 pages)

Hiv Transmission Among Adolescents And Adults Essay

- HIV transmission among adolescents and adults is an important objective of Healthy people 2020 and all HIV related programs. According to the Center of Disease Control and Prevention, Adolescents and adults are the center of the epidemic when it comes to rate of infection. That population engages in risk behavior. They have a high rate of sexually transmitted infections and low rates of testing. “In 2010, almost 60% of youth aged 13 to 24 with HIV in the United States were unaware of their infection, compared to 16% for all ages (…) and only 35% of adults aged 18 to 24 had been tested for HIV” (“HIV Among Youth”, n.d)....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Sexual intercourse]

Better Essays
709 words (2 pages)

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ( Hiv ) Essay

- Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, also known as AIDS, is mainly caused by Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV). AIDS is one stage in the course of HIV disease, which must be diagnosed by a physician. According to World Health Organization (WHO), HIV damages the body’s immune system by destroying the white blood cells which help us to conquer pathogens. When HIV enters the white blood cell, it may remain inert. It infects another cell to produce many new HIV’s once it’s activated. This decreases the body’s ability to fight infection and suppress multiplication of abnormal cells, such as cancer....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Blood]

Better Essays
1929 words (5.5 pages)

HIV and AIDS Essay

- In 1981, the first cases of severe immune system deterioration were recognized developed unusual infections. The new disease was later named "AIDS". At that time, no one knew what was causing the disease. Since then, science has shown that the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the cause of AIDS. As HIV infection progresses, it weakens a person's ability to fight off diseases. By attacking the immune system, the virus leaves people more susceptible to other diseases. When a person with HIV contracts one of several additional diseases, or when a person's immune system shows serious deterioration, that person is classified as having AIDS....   [tags: STD, HIV, AIDS]

Free Essays
1276 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Needle-Exchange Programs and The Fight against HIV/AIDS

- This paper will be concerned with the issue of having needle-exchange programs (NEPs) in the United States, for the purpose of encouraging injection drug users (IDUs) to engage in safer practices. Specifically, this paper will address the question of whether or not such programs are a desirable policy for reducing the spread of HIV/AIDS. This topic was chosen because it is evident that something needs to be done to stop the spread of AIDS, a problem that has reached epidemic proportions in nations around the world....   [tags: Injection Drug Users, Prevention, AIDS, HIV]

Better Essays
1352 words (3.9 pages)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) And Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome ( Aids )

- Introduction Despite advances in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) remains an important public health concern, globally. There are still challenges facing HIV prevention, treatment and care at a local, national and global level. By 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that about 35 million people were living with HIV globally and two million new infections reported every year (1). Among them, an estimated five million people living with HIV (PLHIV) were in Asia and the Pacific region, including Indonesia (2)....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Health care, Public health]

Better Essays
1772 words (5.1 pages)

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( Hiv ) Essay

- HIV/AIDS History The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) targets the immune system and weakens people 's defense systems against infections and some types of cancer. As the virus destroys and impairs the function of immune cells, infected individuals gradually become immunodeficient. Immune function is typically measured by CD4 cell count. Immunodeficiency results in increased susceptibility to a wide range of infections and diseases that people with healthy immune systems can fight off. The most advanced stage of HIV infection is Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), which can take from 2 to 15 years to develop depending on the individual....   [tags: AIDS, Immune system, HIV, Immunodeficiency]

Better Essays
1034 words (3 pages)

hepatitis Essay

- Hepatitis Hepatitis In modern society when a person gets sick with the flu or a cold they will usually go about their normal routine with the exception of a sneeze or a cough throughout the day. Sometimes things can be more than what they appear to be. The symptoms start out like the flu with coughing, fever, aches, and vomiting. However, the disease gradually worsens with symptoms of extreme weakness and excruciating abdominal pain. By then it is usually too late when the person finds out that their liver is failing and that there disease is caused by one of the most contagious, dangerous and deadliest of viruses....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
1626 words (4.6 pages)

AIDS Essay examples

- AIDS Is the message getting through. We already know enough about AIDS to prevent its spread, but ignorance, complacency, fear and bigotry continue to stop many from taking adequate precautions. We know enough about how the infection is transmitted to protect ourselves from it without resorting to such extremes as mandatory testing, enforced quarantine or total celibacy. But too few people are heeding the AIDS message. Perhaps many simply don't like or want to believe what they hear, preferring to think that AIDS "can't happen to them." Experts repeatedly remind us that infective agents do not discriminate, but can infect any and everyone....   [tags: Free AIDS Essays]

Free Essays
3346 words (9.6 pages)