Essay Hiv / Aids : A Very New Disease

Essay Hiv / Aids : A Very New Disease

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HIV/AIDS is a very new disease discovered only 30 years ago. No one knows for sure how the disease came to be, but the fact that is extremely deadly (in fact one of the leading causes of death worldwide) cannot be disputed. Since signs and symptoms of HIV are pretty much invisible at first, it is nearly impossible to know when and where HIV first started. The pandemic began in the 1970s when it spread to five continents; North America, South America, Europe, Africa and Australia. There was a, “period of silence” during this time because people were afraid to say that they had contracted this new virus and were not aware of its severity. Due to this period of silence it is said that anywhere from 100,000-300,000 people become infected from 1970-1980. HIV transmission can occur in three ways: sexual transmission, transmission through blood and mother to child transmission (avert.org). Since the means in which the disease is spread are very complex, it became clear very shortly after the disease was recognized that something needed to be done at a global level.
When looking at HIV, there are many areas for potential intervention. One area the Healthy People 20/20 programmers are trying to tackle is the increase in new infections. They clearly defined that as one of their objectives, stating, “ Reduce the number of new HIV infections among adolescents and adults.” Reducing the number of new infections would, in turn, reduce the transmissions rate, which is another objective. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), “The estimated incidence of HIV has remained stable overall in recent years, at about 50,000 new HIV infections per year.” Furthermore, when looking at who is being the most affected by the disease, men having se...


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...ons with patients, monitoring and evaluation (effectiveinterventions.org). Public health strategies are also installed to fight HIV transmission. Counseling, testing and referral is a program in place to reduce HIV transmissions. It is activities designed to increase patrons’ knowledge of their HIV status, encourage and support risk reduction and secure needed referrals for appropriate services (effectiveinterventions.org).
HIV is still a problem in the US and other countries around the world. This is due to the fact that HIV is a multifaceted disease and requires attention to prevention to new infections and transmission of infection. This demands that social and medical factors be tended to regardless of socioeconomic status, gender or race. There have been many positive strides in the fight to end AIDS in the past decade or so thanks to health promotion programs.

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