Two central documents illustrate the debate. On January 25th, 1939, the foreign ministry wrote a memorandum, and in that memorandum it is very clear that the policy was emigration. All the Jews of the third Reich should leave Germany. Five days later, in his infamous speech before the Reichstag, the German parliament, Hitler seems to contradict what the foreign ministry had just written, where he threatens that if there will be a war - the war that we know he 's already planning - then this will bring about not the victory of Jewry, but as he says, the extermination of the Jewish race in Europe. And these two documents, we have an encapsulation of those decades of debate...
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...s of Belzec and Chelmno that had begun around November the 1st of 1941. Following Wannsee, more camps were constructed, such as Sobibor and Treblinka; deportations began to Chelmno in December of 1941; deportations began to the other camps in March of 1942; and by the end of 1942, Jews from all over Europe had been brought to the camps, parallel to the shooting murders in the Soviet Union. By the end of 1942, some four million Jews had already been murdered. Thus, to sum up the development of the "Final Solution," we see that during the course of the war, and particularly following the German invasion of the Soviet Union in the summer of 1941, Nazi Germany developed and perfected its genocidal capabilities, which culminated in a continent-wide operation that destroyed Jewish communities in their entirety, and by the end of the war, had murdered some six million Jews.
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