As the largest country in South America and the fifth largest country in the world, it should come as no surprise that Brazil is a leader in Bio-Fuel Technology. This paper seeks to uncover the major impacts that this technology has on the country of Brazil and its people.
A Brief Overview of Brazil
Colonized in 1500 by Pedro Alvares Cabral of Portugal, Brazil has suffered much turmoil in its quest to become an independent nation. It was not until September 7, 1822 that independence from Portugal would be granted, when Dom Pedro I became the first emperor of Brazil. After Brazil’s constitution was enacted on October 5, 1988, political unrest reigned. A year later, a military coup finally ended the strife and established the federative republic that symbolizes Brazil’s government. (State, 2008)
Through a series of military coups, it seems that Brazil has finally found a political system that works for them. “Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva of the left-wing Partido dos Trabalhadores (PT) was elected president in 2002 and re-elected for a second four-year term in October 2006.” (Economist, 2008) Similar to the government structure of the United States, President Lula represents the Executive branch. The Legislative and Judicial branches make up the remainder of the government and are composed of a Chamber of Deputies and senate (Legislative) and Supreme Federal Tribunal (Judicial). The senate is composed of representatives from Brazil’s twenty-six states. (State, 2008)
At one time the vast majority of Brazil’s resources and technologies were government-owned. In recent years, privatization has become a way for the government to...
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.... Retrieved July 20, 2008 from the U.S. Department of State’s website: http://fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/93476.pdf
Sexton, Steven E., Martin, Leslie A., and Zilberman, David. (2006). Biofuel and Biotech: A Sustainable Energy Solution. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update, Vol. 9 (3). Retrieved July 20, 2008 from http://www.agecon.ucdavis.edu/extension/update/articles/v9n3_1.pdf
State, U. D. (2008, June). Background Note: Brazil. Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs . United States of America. Retrieved July 27, 2008, from http://proxy.devry.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=buh&AN=32589360&site=bsi-live
Szwarc, Alfred. (2004). Use of Bio-Fuels in Brazil. Retrieved July 20, 2008, from http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/cop_10/in_session_workshops/mitigation/application/pdf/041209szwarc-usebiofuels_in_brazil.pdf
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