The History of Urban Planning Essay

The History of Urban Planning Essay

Length: 826 words (2.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Evidence of urban planning exists since antiquity. In ancient Greece the first settlements grew to be cities were following no particular urban plans mainly with the exception of their acropolises. However excess population growth in these city states lead to the colonization wave of the mediterranean during what is known as classical antiquity. The colonies were founded by their metropolises after carefully selecting their locations, providing access to natural resources (minerals, fertile lands, water) and trading routes. These cities were planned usually following the Hippodamian plan of city layouts. The Hippodamian plan was first introduced by Hipodamus of Miletus who rationalized the functions of the city, its underlying street network and the land uses. He proposed a city of three centres, a political, a commercial and a religious, each one of them providing with specialized functions to the city’s population. Not all plans lead to the successful growth of cities. Famous is the case of Megalopolis in southwestern Peloponnese, which had been planned to become a mega city of its time, as it can be inferred by its name. Although a functioning street network laid the foundations for urban development and monumental public buildings were built, like the biggest known ancient theatre, the city failed to attract dwellers and ended its lifespan never to become something more than an insignificant town of the periphery. In Roman antiquity city plans incorporated systematically the provision of clean water thus leading to the creation of the Roman aqueducts that can be seen standing all over Europe even today. During dark ages in most of western Europe city planning reduced to plans regarding the fortifications of the cities, includi...


... middle of paper ...


...as focusing only in the aesthetics of a city. His book helped the Progressive movement to take shape. Progressives argued that planning should deal with all major problems of the American cities and proposed a system of zoning. In the beginning the zoning was focusing on building sizes however a more modern approach deals with land use, population and housing densities, parks thus leading in to more complex zoning systems. (Fleissig & Jacobsen, 2002). In modern era, the zoning played a crucial role in the flourishing of the urban planner profession. Zonings in a lot of countries need to be justified by a rational plan and the outcome of the plan can be justified in court if necessary. Thus trained planners with experience are needed to carry on the task. The major zoning classes are the industrial, residential and commercial, but those classes can be refined further.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Urban Planning: The History of Cycling Infrastructure Essay examples

- ... 3 is the type of road in the green area which are unpaved roads full of gravel, stone, and no defined edges which are not the perfect conditions for daily commuters and these roads have no possibility of becoming paved. Fig. 4 shows another issue which we face because of the terrain which is two very powerful slopes which are dangerous for bikers as they go down these slopes, and they create another problem when people try to go back up these slopes as they might prove demanding for some cyclists....   [tags: bike boom, bike paths]

Better Essays
2226 words (6.4 pages)

The History of Urban Planning Essay

- Evidence of urban planning exists since antiquity. In ancient Greece the first settlements grew to be cities were following no particular urban plans mainly with the exception of their acropolises. However excess population growth in these city states lead to the colonization wave of the mediterranean during what is known as classical antiquity. The colonies were founded by their metropolises after carefully selecting their locations, providing access to natural resources (minerals, fertile lands, water) and trading routes....   [tags: streets, city, zoning]

Better Essays
826 words (2.4 pages)

Los Angeles Essay

- Los Angeles was the first product off the assembly line of American urban planning. Turned on in the late 19th century, the city-making machine was fueled by an immense immigration of people who sought to create a new type of city out of the previously quaint pueblo. They also strove to craft the first major city developed primarily by Americans and outside of European archetypes. As a result, Los Angles is not only incredibly diverse, but also nearly impossible to define. Since it is a product of the American machine, understanding the community of Los Angeles becomes vital to understanding the United States....   [tags: Urban Planning, Informative, History]

Better Essays
1770 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on The Spectrum of Urban Planning

- The Spectrum of Urban Planning Urban Planning is the process of planning the development of land and other resources to improve a community in ways that benefit the lives of people within these communities. Urban Planning is a complex area of study because of the many different factors involved and the people it has an effect on. Planning can be controversial, political, and cause anger towards officials if it is not executed correctly. Urban planners must weigh their decisions and base them on the good of the environment and the people....   [tags: City Planning, Engineering]

Better Essays
1940 words (5.5 pages)

Comparing the Urban Plans and Philosophies of Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright

- ... The center of life in the Radiant City is the residential high rises he calls the “Unites”. His Modular system played a huge role in the scale of these buildings. The Unites focus on collective services more than the individual apartment. Le Corbusier, in this plan, breaks all connections between work and play for the family (La Ville Radieuse). Le Corbusier developed the Five Points of a New Architecture, these were the architectural principles that unified his life’s work (Harrod 26-27). This architectural manifesto was noted in L'Esprit Nouveau, a journal which he contributed to, and his book Vers une Architecture....   [tags: history of city planning]

Better Essays
2394 words (6.8 pages)

Urban Sprawl : A Growing Economy Essay

- INTRODUCTION Sustainable cities, also referred to as eco-cities, are metropolises that are designed with consideration of environmental impact, inhabited by people dedicated to minimal amount of energy required such as food and water, also the minimum outputs of waste products such as heat, air pollution, carbon dioxide, methane, and water pollution. Throughout the various planning decisions that is used to design cities, it eventually leads to the high tendency of urban sprawl. Urban sprawl describes the how the human population has expanded from central urban areas into communities which are low-density, mono-functional and often heavily car-dependant....   [tags: City, Suburb, Urban decay, Urban planning]

Better Essays
1146 words (3.3 pages)

Pattern of Urban Development along the Expressway Essay

- 3. LITERATURE STUDY 3.1. Historical context At the end of the 1950’s and during the 1960’s and 1970’s the idea of corridor development, both planned and unplanned, was actively studied and discussed among spatial planners, designers and scientists (e.g. by C.F.G. Whebell, George R. Collins, C. Doxiadis). Many of these practitioners and scholars also encountered the difficulty of visualising the dynamics of corridors and often referred to (earlier) schemes and designs of linear cities. A study on both the definition and visualisation of corridors in this time-period may contribute to the discussion on corridor development and urban networks....   [tags: corridor development, urban planning]

Better Essays
1702 words (4.9 pages)

The Impact of Contemporary Urban Planning Principles and the Setback Regulations Implemented in Riyadh

- Since the 1950s, the cities of Saudi Arabia witnessed significant changes in the composition of the population and the arrangement of the built environment. The Saudi society has transformed from a nomadic pastoral society to a highly modernized one as a result of the increase in national revenues from oil production. Rapid growth and improved economic conditions led to the adoption of modern planning principles which are in contrary to the traditional city. Although modernization had contributed to raising the living standard of the neighbourhood, it led to the creation of social, cultural and climate problems as well....   [tags: Urban Planning]

Better Essays
2694 words (7.7 pages)

Essay on Overcrowding and Urban Planning in Victorian London

- Victorian London in Charles Dickens era was a city suffering under the weight of the masses of people that lived there. In Dickens' time, London was the largest city in the world, both due to its population increase and the urban sprawl caused by influx of so many people. There were nearly 4 million inhabitants of the 'Great City' at the height of the Victorian age. This number was an increase of nearly three million people over a period of approximately 30 years, there were many problems associated with such explosive growth, problems which were most recognizable during Charles Dickens lifetime....   [tags: European Europe History]

Better Essays
2506 words (7.2 pages)

Copenhagen’s Urban Planning Essay

- During the last century Copenhagen has seen major changes in the physical construct of the city but who was involved and what changes have occurred. When did these changes occur. Where were the main areas of development. Why was this change needed. And also, was it a successful development. Main case studies for this discussion include Copenhagen’s post-war master plan for it’s city looking at how it seamless integrated its transport systems, pedestrian walkways and businesses along with housing and zooming in further to the Ørestad district and its development which includes various architecture projects by practices such as BIG....   [tags: architecture projects, finger planning]

Better Essays
1927 words (5.5 pages)