The History Of The Juvenile System Essay

The History Of The Juvenile System Essay

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The history of the juvenile system started many years ago, before any of us within present society were born. The juvenile justice system is defined as, “A system to handle juveniles separate from the adult offenders, based on the concept of parens patriae, which was used as the basis for giving the court the authority to take over supervision of children when their parents failed to provide care and guidance.” (Seiter) The word parens patriae means “parents of the nation,” established in 1601 to allow officials to take charge of delinquent children and place them in poorhouses or orphanages to gain control of them; in the more modern times, this doctrine was expanded as the basis for juvenile court and correctional systems to take responsibility for educating and nurturing delinquents, with an emphasis on reform and rehabilitation.” (Seiter) There are five different periods of juvenile justice history. They are; The Puritan Period (1646-1824), The Refuge Period (1824-1899), The Juvenile Court Period (1899-1960), The Juvenile Rights Period (1960-1980) and, The Crime Control Period (1980-Present).

Juvenile Justice History
The Puritan Period (1646-18240), was a time when, “Children were inherently sinful and in need of strict control or punishment when necessary. Most nonconforming children were of lower-class parentage.” (Hess, Orthmann and Wright) This is the philosophy of how the Puritans were to think about children, when they were to be bad and out of control under the care of their parents. “Misbehaving children were generally controlled by familial punishment. External, community punishment and control were necessary only when the parents failed.” (Hess, Orthmann and Wright) The Puritans were to consider this...


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... be dangerous for a crime that they have committed, it is best that they are to be detained within a juvenile facility until their time of trial, to face the crime that they were to commit.
The period that I think was the most influential to the evolution of the juvenile justice system is, The Crime Control Period (1980-
Juvenile Justice History
Present). I state this because, all five periods of juvenile justice history are important and each has served as a good and basic foundation from one period to the next. Each period is to be a learning process that can be used to what was to work and what was to fail. Within todays’ society, there are to be more programs and laws that are to be available to help troubled juveniles. This is good because as a society when can learn from the past with the regards to know how to progress to the future of juvenile justice.

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The History Of The Juvenile System Essay

- The history of the juvenile system started many years ago, before any of us within present society were born. The juvenile justice system is defined as, “A system to handle juveniles separate from the adult offenders, based on the concept of parens patriae, which was used as the basis for giving the court the authority to take over supervision of children when their parents failed to provide care and guidance.” (Seiter) The word parens patriae means “parents of the nation,” established in 1601 to allow officials to take charge of delinquent children and place them in poorhouses or orphanages to gain control of them; in the more modern times, this doctrine was expanded as the basis for j...   [tags: Crime, Juvenile delinquency, Criminology, Jury]

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