It was in the 9th century when there was a decline in the Babylonian Jewish community, there was another diaspora, to both Europe and to Northern Africa. Europe had fallen into the dark ages. The newly migrated Jewish community remained separate from the Christian community, and looked down upon their illiteracy. Charlemagne extended an open arm to the Jewish community with offers of land, protection and equal rights with their Christian counterparts, however, the general populous were native pagans who had been converted to Christianity and were highly superstitious. This lead to crusades and pogroms. Despite the difficulties, the Ashkenazi Jewish community grew, they had a narrow world view as they kept to themselves, and so their only studies consisted of the Torah and the Talmud.
The other diaspora community was in Northern Africa which was, at that time, inhabited by two...
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...chooses to deal – or, more accurately, not to deal – [with inequality] through commissions targeting pinpoint issues” and advised that governmental and economic policy be put in place.
The Ashkenazi Sephardic split is one consistent theme through history that began before the foundation of the Jewish State. The differences between the groups are widespread, beginning with philosophical differences in interpretations of texts and the following of different laws, and spanning to minute details in tradition and customs. The variation between the divided Jewish groups was perpetuated by the social standings and the long term ethnic divide between the Ashkenazim and the Sephardim or Mizrahim. These disparities have been perpetuated by the segregation of the different religious communities, the difference in educational opportunities and the disproportionate wages.
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