The History of the Elements and Periodic Table Essay

The History of the Elements and Periodic Table Essay

Length: 990 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Greek thinkers and early people noted around 400BC, that things are different from each other, and can be broken down into smaller groups. They used the words “element” and “atom” to describe different and the smallest parts of matter. For over 2000 years, the four “elements” of Earth, fire, water, and air were used to explain many stories of the world. Something had to of been done to organize our thoughts and observations of our elements. A method was needed by 1860 to organize the sixty elements known by scientists. Many scientists helped contribute to the discoveries made for the Periodic Table, but Dmitri Mendeléev eventually constructed the first table. All of the elements that are a part of the Periodic Table are all based on the properties of matter. We are able to describe, classify, and quickly identify the elements by their properties. The table is also organized by their certain properties that repeat periodically when arranged by their atomic number. The table is arranged into groups and periods to display their common properties.
The modern day Periodic Table was put together with the discoveries of many different scientists. A German Chemist, Johann Döbereiner discovered that Barium, Calcium, and Strontium had very similar properties. He but these elements in a group called a triad and organized them according to their masses. Döbereiner discovered that the atomic weight of the middle element in each triad is about equal to the average of the atomic weights of the first and third elements. Lithium, Sodium, and Potassium followed this rule for example. He saw this pattern in several groups of three as well. This was the beginning of trends in the arrangements of elements. Döbereiner also found that the density of t...

... middle of paper ...

... with the transuranium elements 94 to 102. Seaborg reconfigured the periodic table by replacing the lanthanide series to the bottom of the table. He was later awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry and element 106 was named after him as Seaborgium in his honor.
The work of many scientists helped us to create our modern day Periodic Table. There have been many changes and modifications from the original Periodic Table created by Mendeléev. However, thanks to Mendeléev he started off with a simple table that has evolved into a complex Periodic Table that scientists use all over the world. We can now access each and every element without trouble because all of the elements are arranged according to their properties. With the new technology and advantages we have in modern times, it is interesting to see if the traditional Periodic Table will change in the future.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The History of The Discovery of Elements: Periodic Table Essay

- This chapter talks about the history of the discovery of elements, the encounters of scientists and the contributions of them to give un what we now know as the periodic table. In this periodic table we able to see a very organized grouping of elements both natural and those produced in labs. Before the periodic table there was no order, method or clarity for the elements being discovered. Some like nitrous oxide were at a point used for entertainment purposes rather than exploit the benefits for humans that this element had....   [tags: chemical science, Scheele ]

Better Essays
573 words (1.6 pages)

Science: History of The Periodic Table Essay

- Four-hundred years ago, scientists began identifying substances now know as elements. They began recognising patterns in the properties as the number of know elements grew, leading to the beginning of classification schemes that would come to devise the periodic table as we know it today ("The Periodic Table", n.d.). In 1789, French chemist Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier (1743-93) separated 33 substances he considered elements -including light (now know not to exist as an element) and a liquid called ‘Caloric’ (now known not to exist) (Chemical Heritage Foundation, n.d.)- into metals, non-metals and ‘earths’ (Linstead, 2012, p....   [tags: scientists, elements, properties]

Better Essays
1235 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about The Periodic Table Of Elements

- Abstract The Periodic Table of Elements is commonly used today when studying elements. This table’s history begins in ancient times when Greek scientists first started discovering different elements. Over the years, many different forms of the periodic table have been made which set the basis for the modern table we use today. This table includes over 100 elements and are arranged by groups and periods. Groups being vertical columns and periods being horizontal columns. With all of the research conducted over the years and the organization of this table, it is easy to use when needed....   [tags: Periodic table, Chemistry, Chemical element]

Better Essays
1020 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Physics : The Periodic Table

- The Periodic Table. The Periodic Table is an arrangement of the chemical elements and is one of the most important references for anyone doing chemistry. The elements on The Periodic Table are arranged according to their atomic number and their electronic configuration. The atomic number is listed next to the chemical symbol for the element in the top left corner. The atomic number can also be known as the Proton number of an element. The electron configuration of an atom is the representation the arrangement of electrons that are distributed among the orbital shells and subshells - There are two types of bonding in a...   [tags: Atom, Periodic table, Chemical element]

Better Essays
1035 words (3 pages)

periodic table Essay

- The History of the Periodic Table of Elements Dmitri Mendeleev and the early Periodic Table Dmitri Mendeleev was born in Tobolsk, Siberia; on February 7, 1834 .He was the youngest of 14 children born to Maria Dmitrievna Korniliev and Ivan Pavlovitch Mendeleev. His father was director of the local gymnasium. Maria Korniliev's family settled in Tobolsk in the early 1700's and introduced paper- and glass-making to Siberia. Unfortunately, Ivan died when Dmitri was quite young, leaving his wife to support the large family....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
1984 words (5.7 pages)

Essay on Analysis of the Oxygen Group on the Periodic Table

- ... Sulfur also has six outer electrons in its electron cloud. The octet rule stats that an element will want eight in its outer shell, so sulfur will go and take two electrons from another element. When it fills its outer shell with eight electrons it will have a negative two charge do to the protons are less than the electrons. Sulfur has many different characteristics. It is a solid at room temperature and 1atm pressure. Sulfur is also odorless (almost), usually yellow, and tasteless. Sulfur is very abundant in the Earth’s crust....   [tags: group, element, electron]

Better Essays
1757 words (5 pages)

Development of the Periodic Table, X Rays and the Telescope Essay

- ... These elements are called the transuranium elements. I think without the development of the periodic table we may not have different types of medicines, or maybe just generic products to help us along the way of life. For example, humans need Zinc. A doctor can simply tell a person how much Zinc he/she needs or a simple nutrition label can tell how much of the element is in the product. With the development of the periodic table, it gave scientists lead way of discovering new elements. There’s possibly even more elements just waiting to be explored and discovered....   [tags: history of chemistry and technology]

Better Essays
856 words (2.4 pages)

History of the Periodic Table Essay

- Things are very different from each other, and can be broken down into small groups inside itself, which was then noticed early by people, and Greek thinkers, about 400BC. Which just happened to use words like "element', and `atom' to describe the many different parts and even the smallest parts of matter. These ideas were around for over 2000 years while ideas such as `Elements' of Earth, Fire, Air, and Water to explain `world stuff' came and went. Much later, Boyle, an experimenter like Galileo and Bacon, was influenced much by Democritus, Gassendi, and Descartes, which lent much important weight to the atomic theory of matter in the 1600s....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
672 words (1.9 pages)

The History of Chemistry Essay examples

- ... Michael Faraday discovered that a definite quality of change must flow in order to give weight in the solution. Avogrodro introduced the hypothesis that equal volumes of gases at the same pressure contain the same number of molecules. Prout thought that all elements have an atomic weight and multiples with the weight of hydrogen. This hypothesis contributes to the periodic table. The periodic table was independently found by J. L Meyer in Germany and D.I Mendeleev in Russia (1869). Adding on to that William Ramsay and Lord Rayliegh found other gases to extend the periodic table....   [tags: alchemy, the periodic table]

Better Essays
1790 words (5.1 pages)

Physics: The Radium Element Essay

- ... This element is a rock therefore it naturally occurs. In 1898, a Polish chemist, Marie Curie and her husband Pierre Curie discovered the element radium. They discovered it from pitchblende. Pitchblende is a mineral comprised mainly of oxides of the element uranium. After noticing that pitchblende was more radioactive than uranium, pitchblende was then separated from it. Marie reasoned that she needed a llot of pitchblende in order to make tiny amounts of radium. One ton of uranium contains only about 0.14 grams of radium....   [tags: periodic table, atom, protons, electrons]

Free Essays
518 words (1.5 pages)