In early church history little was said about the work of the Holy Spirit. His working was mainly relegated to the inspiration of scripture. Later there were arguments of the Holy Spirit’s position in the Trinity and whether he should be viewed as equal to God the Father and God the Son or subservient to them. Others resisted the idea of emotions or feeling. Many believed that reason and rational proof was the only credible belief system as apposed to the more subjective view of the Holy Spirit with emotion and feeling. Even the early church fathers had sharp disagreements on the position and importance of the Holy Spirit.
In the late eighteen, early nineteen hundreds there was discovered a new move of the Holy Spirit that could not be denied. Most notably in Topeka, Kansas in a small Bible School, Charles Parham and his students experienced the outpouring of the Holy Spirit with the evidence of speaking in tongues. This began a nationwide movement that could not be controlled. Typically experienced in lower socioeconomic classes, this nineteenth century revival began to spread across America other countries. Then in the early 1950s there began a Pentecostal experience within the traditional church community. Later deemed neo-Pentecostal or charismatic movement, it began to spread within the upper and middle classes of society. The fullness of the Holy Spirit’s power had now been experienced to those whom received it.
What does Erickson believe about the "miraculous gifts" today?
It is obvious to me that Dr. Erickson does not believe in the Baptism of the Holy Spirit as a subsequent and distinctive from Salvation. I just don’t believe he has ...
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...teous in his sight. We have been forgive and declared to have fulfilled all that God’s law requires of us. This is possible because of Christ’s death on the cross. When God looks upon the believer, he does not see us separate from Christ, but he sees us through the righteousness of Christ. We are justified because of Christ.
The Old Testament teaches that God is the righteous Judge over all human beings. He has the authority to acquit the innocent and condemn the guilty. In the New Testament Jesus paid in full the penalty for our sins, therefore God has pronounced us righteous. Justification is a forensic at imputing the righteousness of Christ to the believer. It is a matter of declaring the person righteous, as a judge does in acquitting the accused. It is not a matter of making the person righteous or altering his or her actual spiritual condition (Erickson, 884)
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