The history of the Dewey Decimal Classification System (DDC) hearkens back to the very beginning of the modern library movement in the nineteenth century. The classification scheme’s progenitor was a man named Melvil Dewey who was born to a poor family in upstate New York in 1851. 1 His full name was Melville Louis Kossuth Dewey, but he was a man who supported language/spelling reform and had his named shortened to just Melvil Dewey. He even tried to have his family name further shortened to Dui. 2 In this he failed, but this is only one failure amongst his many successes. Dewey had a profound effect on the library movement in America. He originated the DDC in 1873 and had it published and patented in 1876. There has been some speculation that Dewey synthesized ideas from a number of sources and coordinated them into a unified system. There is some evidence to suggest that Dewey may have been introduced to the idea of a decimal classification by a pamphlet written by Nathaniel Shurtlaff in 1856. 3 The DDC may also have been partly adapted from a scheme that William Lorrey Harris had formed from a structure expressed by Sir Francis Bacon, and refined by the German philosopher G. W. F. Hegel. 4 Regardless of where the scheme emerged from, however, Dewey was the first person to properly expand on and define his ideas concerning a classification that placed books into a relative order based on disciplines rather than an alphabetical order, or one that simply identifies a shelf space for a specific book. The DDC was the first timely modern system that introduced features like relative locations and a relative index. This allowed books to be placed in stacks based on their relationships to one a...
... middle of paper ...
...n: A Study Manual and Number Building Guide, (Englewood, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited, 1998), 10.
10. Mona L. Scott, Dewey Decimal Classification, 21st Edition: A Study Manual and Number Building Guide, (Englewood, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited, 1998), 29-32.
11. Russell Sweeney, “The International Use of the Dewey Decimal Classification,” International Cataloguing and Bibliographic Control v. 24 (October/December 1995): 61.
12. Forest Press, “About Dewey and OCLC Forest Press,” 2003,
13. Forest Press, “Introduction to the Dewey Decimal Classification,” 2003,
14. Forest Press, “Introduction to the Dewey Decimal Classification,” 2003,
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Classification has a system within it that organises knowledge. There is a system of symbols known as notation and this represents the classes in a classification system. The notation is expressed in Arabic numerals in the case of the Dewey Decimal System. It does not matter what words are used to describe subjects the notation will give a unique meaning of the class and say its association to other classes. The notation has the ability to identify the class within which the subject belongs and related classes.... [tags: Dewey Decimal System]
518 words (1.5 pages)
- Introduction DDC: From West to East This paper is examining how the Dewey Decimal Classification System (DDC) has been adapted and translated in both Western and non-Western Nations and the problems that have arisen during this process. In this paper we will first examine what the DDC is which includes looking into its history specifically into how Mr. Custer helped the DDC become an international classification system. Next we will focus on the problems that arise during the process of adapting and translating the DDC from one culture to another.... [tags: libraries, information, organization, classes]
1557 words (4.4 pages)
- By definition, the Universal Decimal Classification (UDC) is an indexing and retrieval language in the form of a classification for the whole of recorded knowledge, in which subjects are symbolized by a code based on Arabic numerals. The UDC was the brain-child of the two Belgians, Paul Otlet and Henry LaFontaine, who began working on their system in 1889, 15 years after Melvil Dewey established the DDC. Otlet and LaFontaine built their system on the foundation of the DDC with Melvil Dewey’s express permission.... [tags: library librarian UDC organization]
1638 words (4.7 pages)
- Organizing a topic as diverse as Canadian history into periods is challenging. Canadian history spans hundreds of years, covers events from varying points of views, and contains dimensions of culture, theme, and politics. To understand how to organize history logically into periods, it is helpful to refer to Canadian history sources. Two history texts by Bumstead and Silver will be considered. The manner in which they organize Canadian history into logical and comprehensive periods will be taken into account.... [tags: Canadian History ]
1753 words (5 pages)
- Pawing at the “Dewey” Decimal System Dewey the library cat is probably one of the most noteworthy cats that has ever been heard of. Dewey is an orange little tabby cat that the writer (Vicki Myron) found in the rain on her way to work, and brought Dewey with her to the library. From that instant Dewey the library cat grew up in a library lying on every book that he has seen. His name came from the Dewey Decimal System. He has unintentionally inspired thousands of people by being himself. He has Myron and the rest of the library staff play with him, feed him, and take care of him.... [tags: library book classification method]
1208 words (3.5 pages)
- Logically organizing a topic as diverse and wide-ranging as Canadian history into specific periods is complex and challenging. Canadian history spans hundreds of years, covers numerous events from varying points of views, and contains dimensions of culture, theme, and politics. To grasp the logical and appropriate organization of history into periods, it is helpful to refer to appropriate text sources. Two Canadian History texts, intended for use by undergraduates, by Bumstead and Silver will be considered.... [tags: canada]
1094 words (3.1 pages)
- As digital natives grow older and technology improves it makes one wonder what the fate of libraries will be. Long gone are the days of the card catalog, with computers taking their place. There is no more browsing the stacks for books on what ever subject has peaked interest, because the Dewey decimal system is no longer taught. Gone are the days of shelves of books as far as you can see, taken away to make room for endless banks of computers, movies and cd's. The click of keys and chatter from private rooms used for multiple purposes is steadily replacing the muffled flipping of pages as technology advances.... [tags: Technology, Libraries, Dewey Decimal System]
1811 words (5.2 pages)
- As we delve into the writings of Mr. John Dewey and Mr. Howard Zinn we notice a shared theme between the two authors, balance. However, both philosophers view the approach to reaching balance in different ways. In Zinn’s article The Uses of Scholarship, Zinn states that knowledge is a form of power. I find a great deal of truth in this statement. The presidential election of 2016 is on the rise. With that being said, even the most uninformed voter will elect the candidate he/she feels is the most knowledgeable to run our country, the candidate he/she feels is the most qualified to become the leader of our free world.... [tags: Sociology, Mind, Unconscious mind, John Dewey]
1599 words (4.6 pages)
- Interview Report On Thursday, August 27th, I interviewed with Mark Wasden for a front desk position at the Cole and Ustick Library in Boise, Idaho. This was the first interview that I have ever participated in, and even though I went in to my interview nervous, I came out confident. On Tuesday, September 1st, I went back to my Human Relations class, where I learned different techniques to improve my interview skills. I also received tips on how to handle different situations that could happen in future interviews.... [tags: Question, Answer, Dewey Decimal Classification]
1016 words (2.9 pages)
- John Dewey was born in 1859 and dies in 1956 after having pioneered on of the early educational project in America. Most of Dewey’s works indicate that he was one of the key educational reformers who advocates for educational democracy noting that educational reform would be necessary for achieving social reform and progress. His argument in favor or progressive education and liberalism showed that to Dewey, democracy in education, social theory as well as educational reform were synonymous to him and were necessary for developing a progressive society.... [tags: Sociology, Education, Teacher, John Dewey]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- History of the Universal Decimal Classification System
- The Sublime in Tintern Abbey
- Romantic Landscape Painting : Turner & Constable
- Comparing John Constable's Painting The Cornfield and William Wordsworth's Poem Tintern Abbey
- Use of Landscape as form of Expression in Tintern Abbey by William Wordsworth
- Presentation on the Picturesque as a Rhetocial Device in Tintern Abbey