Essay on The History of the American Civil War

Essay on The History of the American Civil War

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The American Civil war, also know as the War Between the States, was a bloody war to end slavery. It all started with eleven states seceding from the Union to form their own nation to be able to enslave the African American. The eleven states formed the Confederate States of America, also known as Confederacy, under their president Jefferson Davis. The Civil war came about in 1861 as the North wanted stop the eleven southern states from seceding and forming their own nation just so they can uphold slavery. However, despite having the cold Civil War in the 1860s, all the effort to gain a “new birth of freedom” went in vain. Although the North were advance than the South and were to defeat them in the war, they had in reality lost. By the 1880s, the South had defeated the weakened North and had re-enslaved the African American.
After the Civil war, the American government had passed many amendments to insure the rights of African American but all went in vain, as the South did not follow them. Document A shows that Amendment XIII, which was passed in 1865 right after the Civil War, prohibited the use of slavery within the US. Document B, amendment XIV, states that no one or no states shall deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law. It also states that everyone had the equal protection of laws. This amendment also passed following the Civil war in 1868. Passed in 1870, amendment XV (Document C) further extends the rights of African American by giving them the right to vote regardless of their race, color, or previous condition of servitude. Document E was another effort by the North to insure the rights of the African American. This document is about the Force Bills and how they protected the ri...


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...hus violating the 15th amendment. All these laws and bills were Southern efforts to limit freedom to the African American and so by the 1880s, the South were able to defeat the weakened North and were able to re-enslaved the African American.
Indeed the North did win the Civil war with many of their advantages but the lives lost to help the African Americans gain freedom all went in vain. All the Northern efforts to gain a “new birth of freedom” went in useless. This was all due the Southerns, who passed laws and bills to limit African Americans’ freedom and the right of voting. This included the Black Codes, the Poll Taxes, the Literacy Tests, the Grandfather Clause, and the Jim Crow Laws, which stated, “separate but equal”. By the 1880s, the South had defeated the weakened Northern effort to help and African American and had re-enslaved the African American.

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