You might think the US first started space exploration or even having the first man in space. Well that is incorrect. What really happened was on October 4, 1957 USSR launched the first ever space probe in space called, Sputnik 1. About a month later USSR launched up Sputnik 2 which carried a small dog, named Laika.
Then on January 31, 1958, the US launched Explorer 1. It carried scientific instruments that discovered the Van Allen radiation belt. On March 2, Explorer 2 is launched but failed to reach orbit. On May 15, Sputnik 3 is launched. Then on October 1, NASA in founded. It replaced the former space center NACA. Just twelve short days later the first Pioneer (1) was launched to a height of 70,700 miles.
The next year on January 2, 1959, the USSR sent up Luna 1, the first man-made object to orbit the Sun. Then on March 3, the US sent up Pioneer 4 in hopes of reaching the moon, but it fell into solar orbit. Then on September 12, USSR launched Luna 2 which landed on the moon and as the first man-made object to do so. On October 4, USSR sent Luna 3 into space and photographed 70% of the Moon’s surface.
On April 1, 1960, the US launch Tiros 1, which is the first successful weather satellite. On August 18, the US launched its first camera equipped spy satellite, Discoverer XIV. Then on November 8, John F. Kennedy, one of the most important presidents on space exploration, was elected.
Then on April 12, 1961, an USSR astronaut Yuri Gagarin, orbits the Earth and becomes the first man in space. Just a month later, on May 5, earth sent their first astronaut, Alan B. Shepard, into space. On May 25, the president decided to address congress and challenge the nation to make the first man to land on the moon. Then o...
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...il Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first men ever to walk on the moon.
I’ve talked a lot about NASA. NASA is actually an acronym of National Aeronautics and Space Administration that was created in 1958. NASA is the successor of the former space group, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA). NASA has done some of the most notable pace explorations of the 20th century. Notable ones are Pioneers, 10 and 11. Other ones are Voyager, MWAP, Spitzer, Spirit and Opportunity, Chandra, Viking, Hubble, and probably the most important, the Apollo Missions. Also the International Space Station was a big part of NASA.
Project Mercury was big for NASA. Project Mercury was NASA’s first human spaceflight program. The program was to see if people could function for minutes at a time. Eventually they would progress so that people could stay in space for days.
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