Essay on History of Psychology

Essay on History of Psychology

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Dating back 65000 years, Aborigines have had the longest continuous culture. The Aborigines believed and lived in the ‘Dreamtime’. The ‘dreamtime’ refers to the time when land and humans were created, and when ancestors and spirits came to earth and created everything. Every tribe had their own dreamtime and was passed down through storytelling. The Aborigines connection was either through the Wandjina or the rainbow serpent depending on the tribe. For the Aboriginals the world is sacred and has to be honoured. For the Aborigines everything is related to everything else therefore man was related to fellow man, animals, stars and the cosmos (Bowles, 2010). Even the men and women were equal because they were equally divine. The Aborigines did hunt and kill the Kangaroos but they prayed to them after killing them and feeling sorry. The Aborigines world is full of beliefs about spirits and ancestors, everything that happens in their life is to be viewed and understood in terms of spirits and ancestors. According to Module workbook, every culture has creation myths that allow people to make sense of where they come from and who created the world. The Quran for example states, “Allah is he who created the heavens and the earth and sent down water from the clouds...” (Qur’an 14:32), this is a Muslims’ explanation of who created the world. Myths about how everything and how we were created help us understand better about who we are and why we are here. However, If we look at the society today, there are very few people who believe in these myths probably because there is no proof of it and science has no explanation for it. The new creation myth that everybody follows today is the Big Bang Theory which is provided by science. Science howe...


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... and images were no more therefore churches were white washed to get rid of images. This clearly represents move towards the left brain. Soon, anything to do with feeling, intuition and imagination had no place representing a reversal of Renaissance values. Today we have more than 400 protestant churches. This protest movement has marked the society every since. As a result of the church protest today we see protests for Women’s rights, Gay rights e.t.c. are much encouraged.

Moving on to the Enlightment , we see movement away from religion towards science. This period centred around people who argued god did not exist because it was not tangible. This eventually led to ‘God is dead’ , till to date only 2% of us go to church. The Enlightment thinkers believed systematic thinking could be applied to all areas of activity i.e. economics, psychology, science etc.

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