The History of Nuclear Weapons and Associated Treaties Essay

The History of Nuclear Weapons and Associated Treaties Essay

Length: 2207 words (6.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Cause of Nuclear Weapons:
In 1939 just before the start of World War 2 Albert Einstein and several other scientists told the then president of the USA Franklin D. Roosevelt that Nazi Germany was putting efforts into purifying Uranium 235 which could be used to build an atomic bomb. The United States launched the Manhattan Project shortly after this which was committed to research and production that would produce a viable atomic bomb (Purohit V. 2004 Online “The Atom Bomb: A Brief History”).

How a Nuclear Fission Bomb works:
For a nuclear fission bomb to work the fuel needs to be kept in two subcritical mass chambers to avoid the premature detonation of the bomb. For the bomb to detonate the two subcritical masses must be brought together to form a supercritical mass, (Fruedenrich C & Fuller J, 2000 Online) this is usually done in two ways, a gun-triggered fission bomb and a implosion triggered fission bomb. The two subcritical masses are two parts of radioactive metal (often Plutonium or Uranium-235) which are held with in a sphere, with in this is a neutron generator to trigger a fission reaction.

Neutrons are introduced through the use of the neutron generator; the generator is a pellet of polonium and beryllium-9 separated by a layer of foil within the core of the fissionable fuel. When the foil is broken the two subcritical masses combine and the polonium begins to emit alpha particles. These alpha particles combine with the beryllium-9 to produce beryllium-8 and free neutrons. (Schlumberger Limited, 2009)

These free neutrons then are absorbed into the nucleus of the radioactive metal which immediately splits resulting in a smaller atom and the emission of 3 neutrons which again are absorbed into more atoms as it ...


... middle of paper ...


...g/nuke/control/npt/ (Accessed 25 May 2009)
New Internationalist – Nuclear Weapon Facts, 2008 (Online) Available at: http://www.newint.org/features/2008/06/01/nuclear-weapons-facts (Accessed 25 May 2009)
Nuclear Legacy – The Cold War 2008 (Online) Available at: http://www.atomicarchive.com/History/coldwar/page27.shtml (Accessed 25 May 2009)
Pike, J. 2009 Nuclear Weapons Testing (Online) Available at: http://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/dprk/nuke-test-1.htm (Accessed 26 May 2009)
US Department of Energy – The Manhattan Project, 2009 (Online) Available at: http://www.cfo.doe.gov/me70/manhattan/nagasaki.htm (Accessed 24 May 2009)






Works Cited
Dickey, N. H. ed. 1986, Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia – Vol 7 COLOR-DALY , Funk & Wagnalls, Inc. USA
Dickey, N. H. ed. 1986, Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia – Vol 19 NEWJ- ORTH, Funk & Wagnalls, Inc. USA

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Nuclear Weapons

- Nuclear weapons are one of the most powerful weapons available to humans in terms of energy released. Only two nuclear weapons have thus far been used for war purposes in human history; detonated by the United States on Hiroshima, and Nagasaki. The Manhattan Project was started during World War II with the intention of making an atomic weapon for the United States. Today’s nuclear weapons are over 200x more powerful. Nuclear weapons are the only WMD that is not blocked by international treaties....   [tags: Nuclear Weapons Essays]

Term Papers
766 words (2.2 pages)

The Cold War : The Soviet Warfare, Vietnam, And The Cuban Missile Crisis

- If we were to stop learning are history, we would not be preparing for the future eras. The Cold War as it was fought over four decades. Since the era after the World War II, on or after 1947-1991 a battle had taken place between the two powerhouses of the world at the time, the United States vs Russia. Being that the Cold War would be best described as a state of conflict that does not have direct military action, but its primarily pursued through economic and political goals, such as espionage, propaganda, or forms of more passive warfare....   [tags: Cold War, World War II, Nuclear weapon]

Term Papers
1137 words (3.2 pages)

The Cold War And The Soviet War Essay

- If we were to stop learning are history, we would not be prepared for the future eras. The Cold War as it was fought over four decades. Since the era after the World War II, on or after 1947-1991 a battle had taken place between the two powerhouses of the world at the time, the United States vs Russia. Being that the Cold War would be best described as a state of conflict that does not have direct military action, but it’s primarily pursued through economic and political goals, such as espionage, propaganda, or forms of more passive warfare....   [tags: Cold War, Nuclear weapon, World War II]

Term Papers
737 words (2.1 pages)

Nuclear Weapons And Nuclear War Essay

- Ever since the invention of the nuclear bomb, there has been tension and what countries can have nuclear weapons and concern about the hazards of nuclear proliferation. Countries have had inner conflicts trying to decide whether they should build a larger arsenal or start one by virtue of their concern of how it will affect their nation and their safety. If they build an arsenal of weapons, they will be feared; nonetheless, they must decide if that would lead to positive results or negative consequences....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, Nuclear proliferation]

Term Papers
1346 words (3.8 pages)

Nuclear Weapons And The Nuclear Weapon Essay

- A nuclear weapon is mass destruction of both people and also things it signifies the simultaneous destruction of over ten million people. The nuclear weapon also destructs the chances of immorality by decreasing the outcome of a growing society and history. A nuclear weapon in current society places great danger and risk on our states, even though the creating and usage for a nuclear weapon at the time was to ultimately uphold state security for the duration of the cold war, by states keeping nuclear weapon was a way of assuring security....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, Cold War, United Nations]

Term Papers
1062 words (3 pages)

Nuclear Weapons Of The United States Essay

- Issue/Claim Throughout the time span of human history, humanity recently developed weaponry that can that eliminate life. That weaponry is nuclear weapons. Nuclear weapons pose a serious worldwide destruction. The current nuclear stockpile of the United States is enough to destroy the world at least four times over. Even though with the signing of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NTP) and recent announcements by the current white house administration to reduce nuclear stockpile, there has to be a more aggressive methods to ensure to reduce the United States Nuclear Stockpile....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, Nuclear proliferation]

Term Papers
1507 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on Nuclear Weapons And Nuclear War

- In a world where most of the powerful nations seem to be prepared, why not prepare for the worst. As the French foreign minister Bernard Kouchner said “We have to prepare for the worst, and the worst is war’’ ("Alarm At Warning Of War With Iran."). One of the many ways to be prepared and protected against harm is the possession of nuclear weapons. Even though nuclear weapons possession might lead to nuclear war, nations should be able to possess nuclear weapons because conflicts would be averted, nations have the right to defend themselves, and nuclear powers would be overthrown....   [tags: Nuclear weapon, Nuclear proliferation]

Term Papers
1103 words (3.2 pages)

The Paris Peace Treaties Essay

- The Paris Peace Treaties The Paris Peace Treaties (1919-1920) IB History To the subject and passive onlooker, those meticulous organizers of the Paris Peace Treaties allowed for an unfortunate amount of flaws to enter their task of creating a treaty that could satisfy all of the nations of not only Europe but of the world as well equally. Yet one must attempt to put that passiveness behind and admit that those of the time of post World War I had truly no idea what was to come of their decisions....   [tags: History]

Term Papers
1636 words (4.7 pages)

Nuclear Power - A Short History Essay

- Nuclear Power - A Short History Nuclear fission is the splitting of the nuclei of (normally) very heavy or unstable elements (normally heavier than iron), resulting in a release of large amounts of energy as well as the unstable, radioactive isotopes of lighter elements, as well as any logical number of neutrons. For uranium 235, the most abundant usable fuel present in nature, the number of neutrons released is about 2.4 per atom, and the energy released is about 215 MeV per atom (Example, nd), or about 215 MeV * 6.02*10^23 235U * 1000 g * joule 235U 1 * g * Kg * MeV * 1.602*10-13 = 8.05*10^15 joule or 8.05 petajoule per kilogram of uranium 235 However, uranium is not found in natural conc...   [tags: Nuclear Energy Breeder Fission]

Term Papers
1265 words (3.6 pages)

History of Nuclear Weapons Essay

- 1930 Schrödinger views electrons as continuous clouds and introduces "wave mechanics" as a mathematical model of the atom. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1931 Albert Einstein urges all scientists to refuse military work. Harold C. Urey of the United States and associates discover deuterium (heavy hydrogen) which is present (0.014%) in all natural hydrogen compounds including water. John D. Crockcroft of Great Britain develops high-voltage apparatus for atomic transmutation....   [tags: Development of Nuclear Weapons]

Free Essays
834 words (2.4 pages)