After the collapse of the Third Dynasty of Ur in 2004BC, the region was taken over by the Elamites and Amorites.6 Yet, as pointed out by Crawford, “Sumerian culture continued to survive and newcomers like the Amorite dynasty of Babylon adopted many of the customs and skills of its predecessors.”7 Scholars generally agree that the society was patriarchal in nature, and that gender differentiation was a feature of Sumerian culture.8 While some historians have used this point to argue that women were viewed as second class citizens, this does not appear to be the case.9 Rather, it would be more accurate to argue that...
... middle of paper ...
...course.35 Furthermore, this study will focus on literature that originated within the third and early second millennium BC, by looking at texts that developed during the Early Dynastic Period and the Old Babylonian Period (2000-1760BC). There are two reasons for this. Firstly, Sumerian literature only began to develop during the Early Dynastic Period. Secondly, texts originating after the Old Babylonian Period have a very different portrayal of female sexuality and a reflective of a changing society.36
This thesis rests on the assumption that social norms concerning sexuality was imprinted onto the texts and this, in turn, influenced how females were portrayed within the literature. While the study’s primary aim is to explore how females were portrayed within the literature, by default it was also examine how female sexuality was perceived by Mesopotamian society.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Strict Society of Mesopotamia The Mesopotamian people valued a strict, rules-oriented society. This can be seen by examining the Mesopotamian social classes, government and job specialization. In The Code of Hammurabi, created by the King of Babylon in 1780 B.C.E. it was evident that there were rules for every thing, and every thing you do has a consequence. The Mesopotamian life style was very rigid; this lifestyle can lead to disputes and outbreaks, which can have negative consequences in society.... [tags: History, Mesopotamia, Code of Hammurabi]
690 words (2 pages)
- The History of Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt are both cradles of civilization. Both contributed greatly to human development through their achievements, failures, peoples, scientific accomplishments, philosophies, religions, and contributions. Mesopotamia is a rich flat plain created by deposits from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. At the southern end of this plain developed the first recognizable civilization, in the area known as Sumer. In 3000 B.C. Sumer contained a dozen or more city-states, each ruled by its own king and worshiped its own patron deity.... [tags: Egyptian Kingdoms Epic Heroes History Essays]
1309 words (3.7 pages)
- From the time of the Agricultural revolution till 600 B.C.E, many changes were being made in society. New tools and weapons were developed, new types of writing, and new art forms were all being discovered and altered. But one societal element that is crucial to everyone is politics. The politics of a society effect the citizens day to day lives, and set boundries for all people. Between the time of the Agricultural Revolution and 600 B.C.E, the Middle East experienced political changes such as; the dimensions of government, and the land that was conquered and controlled.... [tags: Politics, world history, Mesopotamia]
413 words (1.2 pages)
- From Ancient Mesopotamia came a revolutionary tool that has crystallized the world into the complex civilization it is today, the wheel. The wheel has commutated the very way we live and think about the world and all credit goes to Ancient Mesopotamia for providing this life changing invention. Wheels are everywhere we look and in places that you wouldn't even think. Wheels are used everyday in some way or another and come in many sizes and innumerable different materials and purposes.... [tags: History, Inventions, Mesopotamia]
967 words (2.8 pages)
- Ancient Egypt’s farming system compared with Mesopotamia Ancient Egyptians had an easier life compared to the other ancient civilizations because of their reliable agriculture system. Geography played a big role, especially in farming. Due to geography, Mesopotamia and Egypt had different farming methods, weathers, environment, and flooding seasons. In fact, Egypt’s great farming system led them to have better conditions to farm than Mesopotamia because of flooding, the rivers and irrigation and the farming tools that they used.... [tags: Mesopotamia, World History, Agriculture]
1110 words (3.2 pages)
- Mesopotamia Is Great The "Land Between the Rivers" has been a source of both savage barbarism and great civilizations. Mesopotamian culture reached its peak between ca 3000-550 BCE. Yet, much of Mesopotamian culture goes unnoticed, despite its rich heritage. A vast bulk of the great early civilizations developed in the land known as Mesopotamia. It can, in fact, be proven, without question, that because of Mesopotamia's extensive trade routes, its excellent leaders, and the astronomical growth in technology that occurred, that Mesopotamia was one of the greatest civilizations to have ever existed.... [tags: World History]
707 words (2 pages)
- Mesopotamia- the land between the rivers- was a region of land in the Middle East between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that has been dubbed as the “cradle of civilization.” But why does Mesopotamia get the title of a civilization. From the invention of the wheel to the invention of writing, Mesopotamia is responsible for many 'firsts' in human history. As people began to settle down permanently, due to a decrease in the need for farmers, people began to specialize in occupations. The more people that moved into Mesopotamia, the more traditions and beliefs spread throughout the area and soon a state religion became evident.... [tags: world history, ancient history]
853 words (2.4 pages)
- The Historical Geography of Mesopotamia Mesopotamia is a historical region in southwest Asia where the world's earliest civilization developed. The name comes from a Greek word meaning "between rivers," referring to the land between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, north or northwest of the bottleneck at Baghdad. It is known as Al-Jazirah, or "The Island," to the Arabs (3). South of this lies Babylonia. However, in the broader sense, the name Mesopotamia has come to be used for the area bounded on the northeast by the Zagros Mountains, and on the southwest by the edge of the Arabian Plateau, and stretching from the Persian Gulf in the southeast to the Anti-Taurus Mountains in the northwes... [tags: History Iraq Papers Historical Essays]
2202 words (6.3 pages)
- What similarities and differences did Egypt and Mesopotamia have and why was Egypt more politically unified than its neighbor, Mesopotamia. I think in order to answer these questions it is important to look at how both societies lived. Egypt and Mesopotamia were two civilizations existing during the time period of 2000-1200 BCE.(text, 97) These civilizations were shaped by their environment, involved with trade, and faced changes in government after the 100 year drought; however, they differed in that Egypt was shaped by the Nile, traded goods for goods and changed their outlook on the pharaoh who was ruler of all; whereas, Mesopotamia was shaped by the Tigris and Euphrates, traded money fo... [tags: World History, compare, contrast]
1161 words (3.3 pages)
- Comparing Mesopotamia and Egypt Before the beginning of history, people from across the land gradually developed numerous cultures, each unique in some ways while the same time having features in common. Mesopotamia and Egypt are important to the history of the world because of religious, social, political and economic development. Mesopotamia was the first civilization, which was around 3000 B.C., and all other countries evolved from it. Mesopotamia emerged from the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.... [tags: Papers History Compare Contrast Essays]
1090 words (3.1 pages)