Essay on History of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Essay on History of Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in 2011 there were an estimated 49,273 diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States alone. A little over 38,000 were males and a little over 10,000 were female. Nearly 200of these cases were in children less than the age of 13. These numbers are for the U.S alone. There are millions of cases of HIV for every single region of the world. To add to the injury The New York Times reports that there are 50,000 new diagnoses for the HIV infection every single year. HIV is an epidemic, it's a cold-hearted vicious killer, and it changes the lives of so many unsuspecting individuals in an instant.
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus. This is a virus that has only been known to infect humans and it does so in a very vicious way. The virus attacks the body's immune system by destroying important cells that would normally protect the body against infection and disease. This in turn makes an individual with HIV very susceptible to infection and disease and this only gets worse as the disease progresses. HIV is a virus that the body does not know how to fight off which makes it similar yet very different from something like the common cold virus. It is similar to other viruses because it needs to take over cells in the body to survive but it is different in the sense that the body cannot fight it off. The final stage of HIV is AIDS which is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. At this stage the body's immune system is severely depleted. It is the most severe damage that can be done.
A big question that many people always seem to have on this topic is when did HIV become so prevalent in the United States. Cases of HIV are said to be dated back into the 1800's however acco...


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...mber 4, 2013, from http://hivinsite.ucsf.edu/InSite?page=kb-01- 03#S1.1X
HIV/AIDS. (n.d.). Women's Health. Retrieved December 3, 2013, from http://www.womenshealth.gov/hiv-aids/what-is-hiv-aids/index.htmlword...
Poor Black and Hispanic Men Are the Face of H.I.V.. (n.d.). The New York Times. Retrieved December 3, 2013, from http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/05/us/poor-black-and- hispanic-men-are-face-of-hiv.html?hpw&rref=health
What Is AIDS? What Is HIV?. (n.d.). Medical News Today. Retrieved December 3, 2013, from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/17131.php
What Is HIV/AIDS?. (n.d.). What Is HIV/AIDS?. Retrieved December 3, 2013, from http://aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/what-is-hiv-aids/
Staff, M. (2012, August 11). Definition. Mayo Clinic. Retrieved December 5, 2013, from http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hiv-aids/DS00005/DSECTION=prevention

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