There is a major difference between therapeutic and reproductive cloning that sets them apart from one another. Therapeutic cloning is the creation of cloned stem cells in order to produce a genetic duplicate of an organ for a patient in need of a transplant (Robinson “Therapeutic…” 2000). Reproductive cloning is the use of science in order to create a complete duplicate of a living organism, either plant or animal. This copy would be genetically identical and would be a perfect duplicate of the original (“Cloning Fact Sheet” 2009).
Cloning has been attempted for over a century by many different biologists. The first known cloned animal was created in 1885 by a man named Hans Dreisch. He took the two celled embryo of a sea urchin and cut it into two separate cells. Both cells began reproducing and, after developing, created two identical clones (“Cloning - a short
historical timeline” 2010). This early reproductive cloning technique was like forcing the creation of twins through the separation of a blastula. Mister Dreisch did not intend to be the start of a new scientific study. He was simply a scientist who was studying genetics
and wished to prove that genetic material was not lost in the ...
... middle of paper ...
...cts of human cloning." ReligiousTolerance.org by the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. 5 Aug. 1997. Web. 20 Jan. 2010.
Robinson, B. A. "Therapeutic cloning - How it is done; possible benefits." ReligiousTolerance.org by the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. 17 Aug. 2000. Web. 19 Jan. 2010.
Schlesinger, Fay. "I've cloned a human: Astonishing claims of a doctor who 'has implanted embryos into four women' | Mail Online." Home | Mail Online. 22 Apr. 2009. Web. 19 Jan. 2010.
"What are the Risks of Cloning?" Learn.Genetics" Web. 19 Jan. 2010.
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