There is a major difference between therapeutic and reproductive cloning that sets them apart from one another. Therapeutic cloning is the creation of cloned stem cells in order to produce a genetic duplicate of an organ for a patient in need of a transplant (Robinson “Therapeutic…” 2000). Reproductive cloning is the use of science in order to create a complete duplicate of a living organism, either plant or animal. This copy would be genetically identical and would be a perfect duplicate of the original (“Cloning Fact Sheet” 2009).
Cloning has been attempted for over a century by many different biologists. The first known cloned animal was created in 1885 by a man named Hans Dreisch. He took the two celled embryo of a sea urchin and cut it into two separate cells. Both cells began reproducing and, after developing, created two identical clones (“Cloning - a short
historical timeline” 2010). This early reproductive cloning technique was like forcing the creation of twins through the separation of a blastula. Mister Dreisch did not intend to be the start of a new scientific study. He was simply a scientist who was studying genetics
and wished to prove that genetic material was not lost in the ...
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...cts of human cloning." ReligiousTolerance.org by the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. 5 Aug. 1997. Web. 20 Jan. 2010.
Robinson, B. A. "Therapeutic cloning - How it is done; possible benefits." ReligiousTolerance.org by the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. 17 Aug. 2000. Web. 19 Jan. 2010.
Schlesinger, Fay. "I've cloned a human: Astonishing claims of a doctor who 'has implanted embryos into four women' | Mail Online." Home | Mail Online. 22 Apr. 2009. Web. 19 Jan. 2010.
"What are the Risks of Cloning?" Learn.Genetics" Web. 19 Jan. 2010.
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