The first detection of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can be traced back over two hundred years (Baumeister, Henderson, Pow, & Advokat 2012). The earliest known trace of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is in the year 1798 in Sir Alexander Crichton’s book An Inquiry into the Nature and Origins of Mental Derangement (Baumeister, Henderson, Pow, & Advokat 2012). In Sir Alexander Crichton’s book he describes Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder as an attention disorder with constant moving, fidgets and incapability to remain focused for long periods of time. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder was previously known as Hyperkinetic Impulse Disorder until the late 1960’s when the American Psychiatric Association (APA) recognized it as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) (Mallett, Natarajan, & Hoy, 2014).
Before the 1900’s Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder was considered a behavioral issue that parents or families could deal with on their own at home (Mallett, Natarajan, & Hoy, 2014). In the 1930’s at the Bradley Hospital in Rhode Island they first started to use stimulants after Charles Bradley discovered that the stimulants affect the child’s behavior in a positive manor (Baumeister, Henderson, Pow, & Advokat 2012). In Switzerland during the year 1954, Ciba laboratories discovered Methylphenidate “(structural analogue of amphetamine)” which caused advancement in stimulant therapy for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Baumeister, Henderson, Pow, & Advokat 2012). Methylphenidate might have been discovered in 1954 but it was not until 1957 they u...
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...her has no idea what to think about her son (Woodard, 2006). At first M’s mother thought that he was just behaving as a normal child until the problems at school and home were constantly happening (Woodard, 2006).M hopes he could do better in school and he is curious as to why he cannot focus on his school work and whey he does not have as many friends as he once did (Woodard, 2006).
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder has been prevalent for hundreds of years it affects mostly children and adolescents but it can be found in adults. The DSM provides an extensive list of symptoms such as inability to sit still, the lack of ability to pay attention, and several others. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is treated by medication. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a disorder that affects a large percentage of families all over the world.
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