Ancient Greek agriculture was the very necessity of the empire. People needed food to work and soldiers needed food to fight, defend, and conquer neighboring empires. Nearly 80% of the Greek population was somehow involved in agricultural practices. In Greece, meat was expensive and available only to the elite. This caused the Greek diet to be based on cereals. The main cereal crops that the Greeks grew were barley, millet, durum wheat, and common wheat. The Greeks did not have access to many vast fertile lands since only 20% of the Greek land was in fit conditions to grow crops (Ancient History Encyclopedia, “Agriculture In Ancient Greece”).
A large part of Greece is rocky, mountainous, and is partly made up of many islands. This caused the ancient Greeks to not be able to farm and cultivate in a big part of the empire. Land that was full in nutrients necessary for crop growth was scarce. “The Greeks felt that their own climate was adverse and the soil poor”(Hanson 133). The ancient Greeks solved and found solutions for many of their problems. The Greeks adapted and grew olive trees on the rocky land that no other crops could grow in. Cultivating the olive required time and several techniques. First, the olive was picked by hand or by shaking the tree. The olives were then fermented in wicker baskets an...
... middle of paper ...
...ts of Greece. “Whoever said that farming is the mother and nurse of all the other arts spoke finely indeed…when farming goes well, all the other arts also flourish”(Xenoph, Oeconomica). Agriculture was an essential part in Greek religion. People sacrificed the best animals and crops in honor of the gods. The people would relate the harvest to the happiness of the gods. A bad harvest meant that the gods were angry and a good harvest meant that the gods were pleased with the people. Today, agriculture is what keeps many countries and their economies running. In Africa, “agriculture is responsible for around 60% of its total exports earnings” (IFPRI, “Agriculture’s Critical Role In Africa’s Development”). Agriculture was and is the core of various countries and their economies (Grootfontein College Of Agriculture, “Agriculture, The Backbone Of The Country’s Economy”).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... Mycenae is distinguished as being the seat of King Agamemnon, the most authoritative of all Greek kings. The site first gained renown through Heinrich Schliemann's excavations. It is believed Mycenae eventually achieved supremacy, and that considerable amount of Minoan cultural tradition spread to the mainland. The idea of an extensive separation of the Mycenaean Age from the historical age of Greece has received worldwide acceptance since it was first advanced. Since there was an absence of literary documents little signs of culture could be found for that long period, and thus became known as the Greek Dark Ages.... [tags: Argos, Miletus, Sparta]
1044 words (3 pages)
- Many problems had occurred in Ancient Greece. There were also many great minds that were able to overcome these problems and rise above the struggles. The people in Greece were not responding to the historical forces that may have been upon them, and out of their control. Rather, they were the people who had ideas and acted upon them. Therefore, changing history into what we know it as today. In 570 BCE, Cleisthenes set up the first democratic government in Athens. In 483 BCE, the people of Athens had found silver in the Laurion Mines.... [tags: greek history]
658 words (1.9 pages)
- In the “Protagoras,” Socrates and Protagoras debate why participation in government is open to all citizens, but technical matters, such as health, works of art, and the construction of buildings require qualified individuals. The argument presupposes that integrity and acumen are the necessary virtues that citizens must lean and apply for a properly functioning democracy. Democracy is designed to concentrate the power of government in the hands of the people and protect against autocracy and oligarchy.... [tags: Protagoras, Democracy]
1597 words (4.6 pages)
- Ancient Greece This paper tells you about the Golden Age of Greece, which is from 500 to 350 BC. It tells about what Greeks did, who they worshipped, and other important things. The thing the Greeks are best known for, is their gods, and stories about them. The stories explained how things became. For instance, one story said that before the earth was made, there was a fight between a god, and a giant. The god killed the giant, and the parts of the giant became the earth. His teeth became the rocks, and his hair became the grass.... [tags: Ancient Greece Greek History]
1085 words (3.1 pages)
- The Necessity of Roles in Ancient Athens The dramatic growth of ancient Athens from a powerful polis to an Aegean Empire was a result of the hierarchy in ancient Athens. The roles of the people played a big part in this advancement. Therefore, the roles in ancient Athens were very structured and rigid. The male citizens worked very hard politically, while they left the women with the task of bearing children, and the slaves with the backbreaking physical work that allowed the city to function. In ancient Athens, men held all the important positions in society and ran the government.... [tags: Ancient Greece, Greek History]
1027 words (2.9 pages)
- Ancient Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, and Greece were all historical civilizations that made history the way it is today. The three civilizations differed in many different ways, but they were also quite similar in other aspects. The focus of survival, beliefs, daily life, and many other focuses connect the three civilizations. Ancient Mesopotamia arose in an unknown definite time period, but they were mainly centered in the fertile crescent area. The area was mainly fought over, but was eventually brought together by the northern region Akkad and the southern region Sumeria.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Ancient history, Mesopotamia, Nile]
1603 words (4.6 pages)
- Homer was the ancient Greek poet said to have lived between around the 8th and 9th century B.C. Some believe that he was born on the island of Chios and others say he was in Ionia. He was said to be a court singer and a storyteller. He is famous for the writings of the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey. While there is controversy weather or not Homer alone wrote these pieces or many other people wrote it over a period of time and even if Homer was an actual person. Homer also wrote Homeric Hymns which are short poems celebrating various Gods.... [tags: Ancient Greece, Greek History, Trojan war]
1148 words (3.3 pages)
- As a Persian Proverb once said, “Doubt is the key to knowledge.” Doubt is one of the factors that influence the expansion of knowledge. Any fact that is considered true beyond any suspicion had to be subject to at least one person’s questioning, since “any belief worth having must survive doubt” (Anonymous). It is possible to follow a pattern in the growth of knowledge in many subjects such as the natural sciences, history, and human sciences, a significant boost in the accumulation of information occurred during the Classical and Post-Medieval times.... [tags: ancient greece, world history]
1332 words (3.8 pages)
- Ancient Corinth ?Unlike most other cities in the ancient world, Corinth was a city destined for prosperity and longevity no matter who occupied it or how it was governed.. It is as old, or older, than any other ancient Greek city, with origins that lie only in myths and legends that are more than two thousand years old.. Little is known of who established the city or when it was actually founded.. What we do know is Corinth was a very important city and it became a major player in ancient Greek and Roman history..... [tags: Greece Ancient History Historical Papers]
1794 words (5.1 pages)
- Many ancient civilizations witnessed Greek theater and tragedy as the world’s first theatrical performances. Tragedy comes from the Greek word Tragos and Ole meaning goat song. The dithyramb, a song and dance performed in honor of the god Dionysus, was performed at a ceremony in Athens; it told the story of Dionysus’s life and his many adventures. Throughout the years the playwrights added things other than Dionysus’s life to the performance. They added other gods and some hero’s that made a name for themselves within the temple.... [tags: History: Ancient Greece, Drama]
1875 words (5.4 pages)