The History of Ancient Greece Essay

The History of Ancient Greece Essay

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Every idea has a start and a history that can be traced back in time. An incredible amount of these ideas and thoughts were started by great ancient civilizations. These ancient civilizations are the base of all modern knowledge. No ancient civilization has contributed more to this base than the civilization of Ancient Greece. The unique ways of ancient Greek agriculture have left a profound influence on the agriculture of today.
Ancient Greek agriculture was the very necessity of the empire. People needed food to work and soldiers needed food to fight, defend, and conquer neighboring empires. Nearly 80% of the Greek population was somehow involved in agricultural practices. In Greece, meat was expensive and available only to the elite. This caused the Greek diet to be based on cereals. The main cereal crops that the Greeks grew were barley, millet, durum wheat, and common wheat. The Greeks did not have access to many vast fertile lands since only 20% of the Greek land was in fit conditions to grow crops (Ancient History Encyclopedia, “Agriculture In Ancient Greece”).
A large part of Greece is rocky, mountainous, and is partly made up of many islands. This caused the ancient Greeks to not be able to farm and cultivate in a big part of the empire. Land that was full in nutrients necessary for crop growth was scarce. “The Greeks felt that their own climate was adverse and the soil poor”(Hanson 133). The ancient Greeks solved and found solutions for many of their problems. The Greeks adapted and grew olive trees on the rocky land that no other crops could grow in. Cultivating the olive required time and several techniques. First, the olive was picked by hand or by shaking the tree. The olives were then fermented in wicker baskets an...


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...ts of Greece. “Whoever said that farming is the mother and nurse of all the other arts spoke finely indeed…when farming goes well, all the other arts also flourish”(Xenoph, Oeconomica). Agriculture was an essential part in Greek religion. People sacrificed the best animals and crops in honor of the gods. The people would relate the harvest to the happiness of the gods. A bad harvest meant that the gods were angry and a good harvest meant that the gods were pleased with the people. Today, agriculture is what keeps many countries and their economies running. In Africa, “agriculture is responsible for around 60% of its total exports earnings” (IFPRI, “Agriculture’s Critical Role In Africa’s Development”). Agriculture was and is the core of various countries and their economies (Grootfontein College Of Agriculture, “Agriculture, The Backbone Of The Country’s Economy”).


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