The human race has made leaps and bounds in manufacturing of goods needed not only to survive, but to make our lives easier and more efficient. From the earliest recorded history, man has made the tools he needed to survive or gain a completive advantage. In the not too distant past, 100 years or so, we had skilled craftsman who had specific skills and talents. In a small town you would have a blacksmith, a tailor, a farmer, etc. Each of these people learned their skills through years of apprenticeships, and the items they made were unique. Their processes often took months or even years to complete. Since these times we as a society have progressed from craftsmanship to assembly lines. Even now we have robotic manufacturing, replacing humans and increasing safety and productivity.
We have not yet eliminated man from the manufacturing environment and corporations are always looking to achieve a greater bottom line. Six Sigma, which is statistical process control (SPC) and Lean Manufacturing which focuses on reducing waste, have helped to achieve this goal.
We will look at the origins of these two tools, the first companies to employ them, the theory behind each, and the future roll they will play in how we produce the products of our everyday world.
In order to understand the concepts of Six Sigma, some terminology must be known. Therefore a list of terms commonly associated with Six Sigma are provided:
- Sigma – A statistical term used to represent one standard deviation. (“Six Sigma Basics”)
- Standard Deviation – A measure of variation in a given set of data. (“Six Sigma Basics”)
- Defect – A non-conformity present in the output that falls beyond the satisfactory customer limits. (“Six Sigma Basics”)
- DPMO – Def...
... middle of paper ...
...ties to Six Sigma. Black Belts apply the methods and tools of Six Sigma, often working on several projects at one time. Their primary role is the execution of the Six Sigma project. Finally there are the Master Black Belts who are experts on everything Six Sigma. They act as the teachers and guides for Black and Green belts. They work with top management and all departments throughout an organization to define their roles and responsibilities. (“Six Sigma Basics”).
Six Sigma, in practice, has the core methodology of DMAIC. DMAIC is an acronym for Define opportunity, Measure Performance, Analyze Opportunity, Improve Performance, and Control Performance.
1.) Akpose, Wole, Dr. "A History of Six Sigma." A History of Six Sigma. IEEE, Dec. 2010. Web. 05 Dec. 2013.
2.) "Six Sigma Basics." Six Sigma Basics. RuralTech Services, 2012. Web. 06 Dec. 2013.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... This has caused bad attitudes in management and employees. The work ethic is also causing pressure and stress on the employees in being quick, sufficient, and causing the employees to not even want to be at work. These issues have caused stress and mental abuse to Chief Executive Officers (CEO) of huge company’s forcing them to cut back on cost of production and employment. This is causing a lot of stress on the work floor for the employee expecting them to do twice the work and responsibilities then they were hired into doing.... [tags: Harassment, Workforce]
636 words (1.8 pages)
- The Effect of Lean Six Sigma on the Employee and the Organization Abstract Lean Six Sigma is a methodology that creates processes within an organization to cut waste and improve the company’s performance. However, studies have shown that over the past decade applying Lean Manufacturing and Six Sigma can create problems for companies financially and potential problems for employees. Companies should take great care before implementing a Lean Six Sigma solution because in some instances, going lean can do more harm than good both financially for the organization as well as destroying employee loyalty and moral.... [tags: Six Sigma Business]
1957 words (5.6 pages)
- Quality and Six Sigma Quality Initiative Sigma - is most common known as a Greek letter which is used in statistics as a measure of variation, or change. Most of the people, however, don’t know that is not only a symbol but it is also a method of quality. 6 Quality (Six Sigma Quality) is a management philosophy which has to lead to better employee performance and therefore completely satisfy the customer. Six Sigma Quality, or in the abbreviation 6SQ was first introduced in 1986, when Dr.... [tags: Six Sigma TQM Total Quality Management]
1690 words (4.8 pages)
- Introduction In a competitive market place, the ability of companies to gain efficiencies through product or process improvements provides the edge to gain market share and increase profits. The need to improve efficiency led to the study of quality management as a discipline essential for the successful business. “Total Quality Management” is one methodology that has key principles to outline methods to improve quality. “Six Sigma” is another methodology created with the goal to increase efficiency and improve quality.... [tags: Business Management ]
988 words (2.8 pages)
- Six Sigma and Total Quality Management Six Sigma and Total Quality Management are methods that help organizations improve product and service quality throughout their respective workplaces. Six Sigma and Total Quality Management each have their own venue that best suits their methods. When applied in the correct manner, both Six Sigma and total quality management provide a thorough check of the organizations quality assurance. Six Sigma allows the user to complete a thorough measurement of defects, thus making the manufacturing the best environment for this tool.... [tags: Business Management ]
921 words (2.6 pages)
- Online mapping and driving directions have simplified reaching new and unfamiliar destinations. With a few simple inputs, one can map the best route, even avoiding toll roads or including scenic byways. Using an online mapping tool without knowing your origin or destination is useless, it cannot help determine the route and there are many roads which can be traveled. Goal achievement is also dependent upon an origin and a destination. A leader knows the organization needs to go somewhere, but in order to get there the leader has to envision where the organization should be and understand where it is today.... [tags: project management]
857 words (2.4 pages)
- Introduction Software Quality Assurance (SQA) aims at monitoring the software engineering processes to ensure quality of the software. Quality has also been added in the triple constraints of the software development which includes time, scope and cost. Now it is known as quadruple constraint as quality has also been added to it. Multiple testing standards are available which have their own pros and cons. The researches for the testing standards are ongoing and are also highly important for the software development companies as this helps them in choosing the right standard for their company which suits their software requirements and fulfill their needs.... [tags: Software Problems, Project Managers]
2624 words (7.5 pages)
- In 1876, William Grylls Adams and Richard Day discovered that when Selenium was exposed to light it produces electricity .But Werner Von Siemens an electricity expert, discovered that the Selenium cells were not efficient. In 1953,Calvin Fuller and his colleagues detected that Silicon solar cell produces electricity and was efficient enough to run a small electrical devices. In 1956,the first solar cell were available commercially, but the cost was huge , at $3000 for 1 watt of solar cell. In 1970, scientist found a way to lower the cost of solar cells from $100 per watt to $20 per watt by replacing Silicon by Exxon.... [tags: Environment, Energy]
746 words (2.1 pages)
- Six Sigma as Quality Management Intervention Quality Management According to The American Society for Quality the term Total Quality Management was first used by the U.S. Naval Air Systems Command to describe its Japanese-style management approach to quality improvement. The methods for implementing this approach, however, found their roots in the teachings of such leaders as "Philip B. Crosby, W. Edwards Deming, Armand V. Feigenbaum, Kaoru Ishikawa and Joseph M. Juran,"(ASQ). While the original title has fallen out of favor in the United States and has been redefined as Quality Management, Europe still holds to the original Total Quality Management.... [tags: Quality management leadership]
1528 words (4.4 pages)
- First off I am pleased that you, Books-R-Us, is going to adapt to the Six Sigma process. Not only will things run smoother, the product better, but the end customer will also be happier. I am going to plan out the course for you below; if you need any additional help here is the master black belt who you will want to contact: Now assuming that everyone has already read Six Sigma for Everyone by George Eckes, I’m not going to go into defining all of the technical terms; he does a fine job of doing that in his book.... [tags: essays research papers]
809 words (2.3 pages)