Historical Timeline : The Medieval Period Essay

Historical Timeline : The Medieval Period Essay

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A set point in the historical timeline stands as the medieval period. The medieval period in history was the era in European history from around the 5th to the 15th century, coming after the fall of the Roman Empire and preceding the start of the early modern era. The medieval era was characterized by immense religious influence, new government systems, and a social class gap. New technology, as well as newfound knowledge, led to the end of the medieval period to start the modern era.
The biggest characteristic of a medieval society is the large role religion played. Throughout the course of medieval times religion has guided society in every aspect of life, “Christianity has fundamentally influenced every aspect of Western civilization, from its religious beliefs to its artistic development, from its conception of time and history to its sexual morality, from its understanding of law and political authority to its music” (Backman 25). This embodies how much of an impact religion had on this era. Religion influenced the political system by being an invisible ruler throughout society on account of its “direct” connection with God. The papacy began to try and gain control of the government toward the end of the twelfth century, “…proclaiming the Church’s supremacy to and sovereignty over the secular world” (364). This illustrates how the Church controlled every aspect of life. With the Church being the main governing body for the secular world in addition to the religious world, that would mean religion would be a mandatory component of life, which is why it influenced so many facets of the medieval period. The Church gave society a moral compass to follow, and this was essential seeing that without such an immense influence thr...


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... and not taking heed to what the Church preached. The shift in knowledge had the biggest impact on the medieval era being that it was classified by the Church having ultimate power over the people, but with the shift in knowledge the Church’s power disintegrated. The new thought process people developed coupled with the decline in the Church’s power conclusively led to the downfall of the Middle Ages and provided a gateway into the progression of society which had no need for medieval ways.
A combination of profound religious influence, change in governing style and a large social disparity was the epitome of the medieval era. A crisis such as the Hundred Years War led to new technology and the transformation in thought process on behalf of newfound knowledge eventually led to the downfall of the medieval era and paved the way for a new modern era to arise.

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