To understand why, let us first examine Diamond’s theory. Diamond, a professor of geography and physiology, offers the most deterministic point of view. He is of the opinion that history and its outcome can be easily explained by applying a few laws and principles, and accordingly that history has no alternatives. And as per Diamond’s postulation, it is indeed easy to retrospectively explain historical outcomes with these laws and principles, as evidenced by Diamond in his 1997 expository book Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. In it, Diamond...
... middle of paper ...
...t eliminates the need for an explanation of the cause.
In their attempts to explain the historical process, Diamond and McNeill both take similar approaches by proposing that everything is explicable when one applies some simple laws and principles. McNeill supplements this notion with the idea that sometimes, however, things happen by chance and may not be explained by the overarching patterns that seem to govern everything else. Zinsser, on the other hand, simply submits that there are tremendous alternatives at any given point throughout history without trying to explain each one. Both Diamond and McNeill’s models fall prey to their own over-ambition since neither can completely explain every event they claim they can. Of the three, Zinsser’s model, due largely to its nondeterministic nature, clearly serves as the most reasonable view of the historical process.
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