The Historical, Philosophical, and Empirical Foundations of Psychology Essay

The Historical, Philosophical, and Empirical Foundations of Psychology Essay

Length: 3643 words (10.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

The field of psychology is a discipline, originated from many branches of science. It has applications from within a complete scope of avenues, from psychotherapy to professional decision-making. The flexibility and versatility of this field reflects its importance and demands in-depth analysis. Psychology was a division of philosophy until it developed independent scientific disciplines. The history of psychology was a scholarly study of the mind and behavior that dates back to the beginning of civilization. There are important details from previous theory psychologist, research have contributed to behaviorism approaches and have contributed towards specific current behavioral practices. Contemporary behavior therapy began to emerge into distinct practical and core learning theories concerning the needs and knowledge engaging cultural and professional differences. 
The Historical, Philosophical, and Empirical Foundations of Psychology
The study of psychology began as a theoretical subject a branch of ancient philosophy, and later as a part of biological sciences and physiology. However, over the years, it has grown into a rigorous science and a separate discipline, with its own sets of guidance and experimental techniques. This paper aims to study the various stages that the science of psychology passed through to reach its contemporary status, and their effects on its development. It begins with an overview of the historical and philosophical basis of psychology, discusses the development of the various schools of thought, and highlights their effects on contemporary personal and professional decision-making.
The History of Psychology
Psychology historical beliefs were although considered as a rather contemporary scienc...


... middle of paper ...


...MA: Pearson Custom Publishing.
Khaleefa, O. (1999). Who are The Founder of Psychophysics and Experimental Psychology? American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (16) 2.
Rickabaugh, C. A. (2002). Psychology (5th ed.). US: McGraw-Hill.
Roth, A., Fonagy, P. (2005). What works for Whom? A Critical Review of Psychotherapy Research. US: Guilford Press.
Smith, M. K. (1997, 2004). Carl Rogers and Informal Education. In The Encyclopedia of Informal Education. Retrieved from http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-rogers.htm
Wiley Backe, A. (2001). John Dewey and early Chicago functionalism. History of Psychology. 4(4), 323-340. Retrieved from PsycARTICLES 3, February 2010.
Wolpe, J. (1972). Review of "Behavior Therapy and Beyond". Professional Psychology, 3(4), 390-392. doi:10.1037/h0020744.
Wundt, W. M. (2006). Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

A Research Study On Psychology Essay

- With heightened skepticism following Locke, George Berkley (1685-1753) questioned the assumption that matter exists at all by investigating perceptions (Flage, 2008). Berkley argued that one should not speculate beyond the limits of sensory experience. He paradoxically denied the reality of the physical world, begging the question if reality is perception, does reality cease to exist when one is not perceiving it (Associate Professor of Philosophy Desmond M Clarke, 2009). His research had a primary focus on physiology, which moved psychology even further into a scientifically based discipline....   [tags: Psychology, Scientific method, Social sciences]

Term Papers
1546 words (4.4 pages)

Essay The History And Key Players On Reading Research

- Literacy research has been contributed and greatly influenced by numerous reading and writing scholars, educators and researchers in the past century. Some of the studies in literacy research have transformed the way how reading and writing should be taught in the new century; other studies have provided insightful suggestions to direct literacy research and education in the future. Through the review of historical research in reading and writing, these two fields have become more and more integrated and both have impacted our understanding of literacy in the 21st century and the way forward....   [tags: Research, Scientific method, Empirical research]

Term Papers
1515 words (4.3 pages)

Foundations of Psychology Essay

- Foundations of Psychology According to science philosopher Thomas Kuhn, the ongoing development of scientific paradigms is responsible for scientific progress. A scientific paradigm has three basic characteristics: a series of assertions that provide a model of the object of study, a group of common metaphors that assist with comprehension of the object of study, and a methodology that is accepted by the scientific community to provide legitimate and valuable data when carried out correctly. Within the social sciences, Kuhn stated, there is an absence of accepted paradigms....   [tags: Contemporary Psychology]

Term Papers
776 words (2.2 pages)

A Research On Foundations Of Psychology Essay

- Foundations of psychology What is science Science is a concept of observations and inquiries that the whole world applies depending on certain natural laws which are discovered and tested. Some academics come across ideas which have existed, they explore and test these ideas using scientific methods. These methods are based on observations or experience which compel academics into hypothesis testing. (Comer, Gould, & Furnham, 2013) Is psychology a science According to Comer, Gould, & Furnham (2013), psychology is a science because it has common objectives with other sciences in terms of application of methods....   [tags: Psychology, Scientific method]

Term Papers
1587 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about Empirical Methods and Psychology

- A debate rages in psychology. It is not one of the usual kind, dwelling on a specific aspect of the mind or a new drug, but a controversy dealing with the very foundations of psychology. The issue is determining how psychologists should treat patients and on what psychologists base their choices. Some feel that they must be empirically-supported treatments, treatments backed by hard data and scientifically supported. Others feel that this standard for treatments is much too confining for the complex field of psychology and that many good treatments cannot be backed by hard data....   [tags: Psychology]

Term Papers
903 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Psychological Assessment v. Testing

- Psychological assessment is an important part of the counselling process. Quite often psychological assessment is confused with psychological testing, even though they are different. According to Cohen & Swerdlik (2009), psychological testing is: “the process of measuring psychology-related variables by means of devices or procedures designed to obtain a sample of behavior” (p. 14). Cohen & Swerdlik (2009) also define psychological assessment as: “the gathering and integration of psychology-related data for the purpose of making a psychological evaluation that is accomplished through the use of tools such as tests, interviews, case studies, behavioral observation, and specially designed appa...   [tags: Psychology]

Term Papers
941 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Classical or Operant Conditioning

- Classical conditioning developed from the findings of Ivan Pavlov, laying the foundations for behaviourism. From this J.B Watson and other behaviourists argued psychology should be indicative of predicting and controlling overt behaviour using the conditional reflex. (Watson, 1994). This essay will describe the important features of classical conditioning, consider their use in explaining pathological behaviour and will be answered using empirical evidence. The earlier part of the essay will focus on the development of the classical conditioning paradigm and cover the following topics: the findings of Ivan Pavlov and the conditional reflex and the components of classical conditioning....   [tags: Psychology ]

Term Papers
1125 words (3.2 pages)

Foundations of Psychology Essay

- When psychology first emerged as a science, the process of explaining the human mind and human behavior began. In this essay we will present a brief synopsis of what psychology is and introduce the reader to the primary biological foundations of psychology that are linked to behavior as well as introducing the reader to the major schools of thought in psychology. In Kowalski and Westen Fifth Edition of Psychology, psychology is define as “the scientific investigation of mental processes such as; thinking, remembering, feeling, and behavior....   [tags: What Is Psychology, Define Psychology]

Term Papers
803 words (2.3 pages)

Essay Empirical Evidence Of Moral Psychology

- ... Meaning that trait attribution is often inefficacious in predicting behavior in particular situations, because differing behavioral outcomes often seem a function of situational variation more than individual disposition. Based on this one could argue that people typically lack character.The empirical evidence gives an indirect argument suggesting that globalism, the idea that character traits are consistent, stable, and integrated, does not exist, and therefore “character” as understood in the traditional sense as consisting of various traits or virtues, is at best an inadequate theory, and at worst a myth.The situationists therefore conclude that if empirical evidence from  psychologic...   [tags: Virtue, Morality, Psychology, Virtue ethics]

Term Papers
752 words (2.1 pages)

Conceptual and Historical Issues in Psychology Essay

- For a long time in history, studies of history of psychology have been done in three distinct ways. These domains were as follows: consciousness, psyche, behavior and mental life but every case stood on its own. Psychology was in this case the knowledge domain. Moreover, psychology was composed of various accounts. There was also the case of the society that was composed of views of the world or culture or industrialization. Although the history between these disciplines is not viewed sometimes, there are social aspects that are studied on how they are related to psychology....   [tags: Psychology ]

Term Papers
1459 words (4.2 pages)