The Historical Development Of Writing Essay

The Historical Development Of Writing Essay

Length: 1513 words (4.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Writing research in the history has been mainly experienced product-focused writing in the 1900s, text-centered writing in the 1940s, process-based writing from early 1960s to 1980s, sociocultural-incorporated writing from the 1980s to 2000s, and technology-mediated writing practices in a variety of spaces and dimensions from the 1990s till now. The historical development of writing research has witnessed the major shifts in composition theories and the changes of definitions about how writing should be taught. Theory changes and pedagogical shifts have greatly impacted the writing instruction of urban classrooms.
Major Models and Theories in Writing
Cognitive Models
Writing is a complex process and over the last forty plus years, composition researchers have proposed various writing models to explain the processes of writing. Cognitive model of writing started to become popular in early 1970’s. This model emphasizes the significance of mental and cognitive development in the writing process. Representing cognitivists Linda Flower and John Hayes were interested in understanding how decisions were made by writers during the writing process. They perceive writing as a non-linear recursive process and provide a four-step writing process including planning, translating, embedding, and reviewing (Flower & Hayes, 1981). The Heyes-Flower (1981) model puts emphasis on writers’ long term memory and assumes that transcription of spelling and handwriting can be slowed down when verbal memory is reduced. In 1983, Carl Bereiter and Marlene Scardamalia revised the model proposed by Flower and Hayes in 1981 and developed a compare, diagnose and operate (CDO) model in 1983. This revised version of model could better explain the planning and rev...

... middle of paper ...

...ding has created new opportunities and strategies to improve the writing skills of weak writers. In 1994, Breetvelt, Van den Bergh and Rijlaarsdam found that a key element time was neglected in the model so that they incorporated it into their new model and refined it in 1999. The inclusion of time is necessary since it actually affects the quality of writing. Later, they included three modules in their newly designed model: executive component, monitor and strategic knowledge. These different modules function as different cognitive strategies while writers are working on various writing activities. Based on their model, they defined writers as good and weak instead of expert and novice.
Within the domain of linguistic model, structural linguists back in the 1950’s and the 1960’s analyzed the written language through a “bottom up” approach which focused only on the

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

History Of China 's Development Of Their Writing System Essay

- The history of China is one that is long, ancient and never ending changing from dynasty to another. Their culture, and mind, are quite similar yet different compared to the many Mediterranean civilizations we have talked about in the past. The most major difference is simply the size of any dynasty of china, they have so much land area where they can produce many different things in great volume. There are five specific historical events, and evidence that they produced and heavily influenced the development of the Chinese civilizations....   [tags: Chinese philosophy, China, Zhou Dynasty]

Better Essays
1260 words (3.6 pages)

The Evolution of Writing Essay

- Have you ever wondered how writing began. The words, alphabets, numbers. Most epigraphers and paleographers agree that the historical evolution of writing occurred in basically four stages 1. Ideographic 2. Logographic 3. Syllabic 4. Alphabetic. The development of writing is unidirectional. Meaning that it will pass through the above four stages in that order and no other. No system of writing can begin naturally with the syllabic stage or alphabet stage. No writing system ever studied has skipped through a stage....   [tags: Writing systems, literacy, ]

Better Essays
1454 words (4.2 pages)

Cognitive Theories of Human Development Essays

- Cognitive Theories of Human Development Jean Piaget, known as the most important theorist; started the most comprehensive theory of intellectual development. Piaget was born in 1896, in Neuchatel Switzerland, and lived a full and significant life, he passed away at age 84. His father was a medieval historian, and his mother was a homemaker; she was highly emotional and her behavior disrupted the normalcy of their home. Piaget married Valentine Chatenay, and they soon welcomed three girls; Jacqueline, Lucienne, and Laurent....   [tags: Cognitive Development]

Better Essays
1178 words (3.4 pages)

Historical Re-Interpretations: Writing/Re-Writing of Ethnography and Historiography

- “Those who tell the stories also hold the power”-Plato French social theorist Michel Foucault developed a notion of discourse in “The Archaeology of Knowledge” and defined it as “systems of thoughts composed of ideas, attitudes, courses of action, beliefs and practices that systematically constructs the subjects and the worlds of which they speak”. Foucault traces the role of discourse in wider social processes of legitimating and power, emphasizing the construction of current truths, how they are maintained and what power relations they carry with them....   [tags: Michel Foucault, The Archaeology of Knowledge]

Better Essays
2546 words (7.3 pages)

Historical Texts On The United States Essay

- Historical texts not only serve as a window into the time that they are focused on, but also into the time in which the historical text was being written. The way a history is interpreted by the person studying it will greatly affect the way it is written about and then interpreted by the texts readers. In light of this there needs to be new studies done every so often in order to keep the history texts relevant to the current time. Even if a text was considered groundbreaking when it was written in the early 20th century, it might not hold up very well to the tests of time and within a few decades could be hopelessly outdated....   [tags: United States, Thomas Jefferson, War of 1812]

Better Essays
1384 words (4 pages)

Essay on Historical Happenings Of The Eighteenth Century

- The various historical happenings of the eighteenth century were just as influenced by the rhetoric of Edmund Burke and Thomas Paine as Burke and Paine were influenced by the phenomena that was taking place at the time. Thomas Paine was a radical liberalist that believed in revolution against the monarchy as much as he called for a complete overhaul of society; Edmund Burke, on the other hand, was a much more conservative politician: Burke believed that revolution came gradually and incrementally and that a revolution as sudden and violent as the French Revolution went against the natural order and would inevitably fail....   [tags: Liberalism, Conservatism, Age of Enlightenment]

Better Essays
934 words (2.7 pages)

Questions On Writing Limits Students ' Creativity And Provides Little Useful Preparation For The Workplace

- Q. ‘Requiring students to write traditional academic essays limits students’ creativity and provides little useful preparation for the workplace.’ Discuss this statement critically (1500). This essay will discuss the relevance of academic essay writing. The essay will explore whether academic writing provides a basis for preparation in the workplace in which students intend to enter after their studies. The essay will also discuss whether essay writing limits students’ critical and creative ability or expands upon it....   [tags: Writing, Essay, Education, Academia]

Better Essays
1473 words (4.2 pages)

Historical Remediation Essay

- Historical Remediation The history of writing is filled with accounts of humans struggling with new forms of writing tools. With the development of new writing technologies, newer tools remodeled older forms of technology to create faster writing systems. Remediation has made huge impacts on the literary world over the past few generations by looking at the cultural rivalry between different technologies and the progression of those technologies. As the years pass, new inventions are continually created to help make the tools used for writing faster, convenient and more efficient at a lower cost....   [tags: Writing Technology Technological Papers]

Better Essays
1405 words (4 pages)

The Effect of Historical Influences on The Development Of The Theatre Royal Bath In The 18th And 19th Century

- The Effect of Historical Influences on The Development Of The Theatre Royal Bath In The 18th And 19th Century During the 18th and 19th centuries going to the theatre became very popular, and was a common pastime in the evening. During the first half of the 19th century the theatre was at its most popular throughout the two centuries, and throughout the whole of the 19th century it was as popular as it was during the 18th, attracting the same sort of audience size. Today you would take a trip to the cinema, out to a fancy restaurant or nightclub; in the Victorian times you would pay a visit to the theatre....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
2267 words (6.5 pages)

Essay about Toni Morrison and Historical Memory

- Most of literature written by American minority authors is pedagogic, not toward the dominant culture, but for the minority cultures of which they are members. These authors realize that the dominant culture has misrepresented minority history, and it is the minority writers' burden to undertake the challenge of setting the record straight to strengthen and heal their own cultures. Unfortunately, many minorities are ambivalent because they vacillate between assimilation (thereby losing their separateness and cultural uniqueness) and segregation from the dominant culture....   [tags: Toni Morrison Essays 2014]

Better Essays
5000 words (14.3 pages)