Historical Development of Self Concept Theory Essay

Historical Development of Self Concept Theory Essay

Length: 1564 words (4.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Historical Development of Self Concept Theory
The development of idea of self or self-concept can be traced back into the times of classical philosophy, as traced by Hattie (1992). A sense of self was related to Greek philosophers such as Plato and Aristotle to identity, individuality and the knowledge of self (). Further, Renaissance philosophers promoted a sense of “self” and “knowing self” as the basis of existence through their debates. Hume (1711-1776) brought about a diversion from the intellectual mainstream and rejected the idea of a distinct stable self-concept, and instead emphasized upon the fluidity of “knowing self” and primacy of experience as a well-spring for a constantly changing perception of reality.
The psychological aspects of self, including references to identity, style, and self knowledge was addresses by James in 1890. He divided self into three parts: it’s “constituents”, the feelings and emotions they arouse, and actions they prompt (James, p. 292). According to James, the self and self-concept were core constructs within the person and he described “self-as-knower”. This implied that the “self” is known, and labelled it as “I”. In contrast, the sense of self related to experience and the environment was labelled the “ME”, and the feeling of the self was linked to the process that generated both the “I” and the “ME”.
Further, the objective self or “ME” comprised of four levels or components which were organised in a hierarchical structure. These were “bodily self”, “social self”, “material self” and “spiritual self”.
By ‘spiritual self’ James meant thinking and feeling, i.e. what we most truly seem to be. "We take a purer self-satisfaction when we think of our ability to argue and discriminate, or our m...


... middle of paper ...


...personality and other areas of mental health also used experimental approaches to find out the relationship between self esteem and poor mental health associated with poor self-regard.


Carl Jung’s Self
In his earlier writings Jung considered the self equivalent to the psyche or total personality. However, when he began to explore the racial foundations of personality and discovered the archetypes, he found one that represented human striving for unity (Wilhelm & Jung, 1931).
The self is the midpoint of personality, around which all of the other systems are constellated. It holds these systems together and provides the personality with unity, equilibrium, and stability.
If we picture the conscious mind with the ego as its centre, as its centre, as being opposed to the unconscious, and if we now add to our mental picture the process of assimilating the unconscious.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The European Parliament and The Notion of a Common European Historical Memory

- ... Since identity is socially constructed, there is a link between identity and power. Specific discourses can be used by those in power to create a certain kind of social reality. Michel Foucault has argued that discourses regulate what can be said and what is considered true or false. Those in power are in control of information and consequently the stories told. Therefore individuals in society “act in certain ways based on discourses that are visible to them.” Foucault states that “for something to be considered a fact, it must be subjected to a thorough process of ratification by those in positions of authority.” The construction of knowledge in a particular way has therefore implica...   [tags: internal policies, historical memory]

Powerful Essays
2283 words (6.5 pages)

Historical Development Of Nursing Leadership Essay

- HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF NURSING LEADERSHIP IN HEALTHCARE NEWZEALAND The changes in contracting arrangements, funding, and policies in New Zealand, new organizations are evolving to provide improved primary health care (www.newzealandhealthcare.co.nz, n.d.). Nurses are increasingly becoming involved in decision-making to enhance their contributions and thereby promoting positive outcomes for the patients....   [tags: Leadership, Nursing, Management, Health]

Powerful Essays
2339 words (6.7 pages)

Cognitive Theories of Human Development Essays

- Cognitive Theories of Human Development Jean Piaget, known as the most important theorist; started the most comprehensive theory of intellectual development. Piaget was born in 1896, in Neuchatel Switzerland, and lived a full and significant life, he passed away at age 84. His father was a medieval historian, and his mother was a homemaker; she was highly emotional and her behavior disrupted the normalcy of their home. Piaget married Valentine Chatenay, and they soon welcomed three girls; Jacqueline, Lucienne, and Laurent....   [tags: Cognitive Development]

Powerful Essays
1178 words (3.4 pages)

Theoretical Framing of Positive Youth Development: Relational Development Systems Theory and Life Course Theory

- Theoretical Framing of Positive Youth Development: Relational Developmental Systems Theory and Life Course Theory The concept of positive youth development (PYD) originates from developmental scientists’ interests in the innate, albeit, relative plasticity of human development and the importance of the continuous relationship between the individual and their context (Lerner, 2005; Lerner, 2009; Lerner 2014; Geldof, 2014). This comparatively new theory takes a positive perspective by shifting the focus from deficit models to a strengths based model....   [tags: human development ]

Powerful Essays
1531 words (4.4 pages)

Reflective Practice Is Associated With Self Development Essay

- Generally reflective practice is associated with self-development. With the help of this, below situations can be achieved: 1) Firstly, future personal growth 2) Secondly, it addresses how we think and feel about ourselves and circumstances in the present, and 3) Last but not least, how we think and feel about ourselves and situations in the past. Reflective Practice is mainly using self-analysis in order to understand, judge and interpret the things such as events and experiences that we are involved....   [tags: Thought, Critical thinking, Reasoning, Psychology]

Powerful Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on The Concept of Encounter of Cultures in the Philosophy of History

- The Concept of Encounter of Cultures in the Philosophy of History ABSTRACT: A general problem of philosophical interests concerns the possibility of objective knowledge of other cultures and a past culture, as well as the adequacy of their reconstruction. The problem of cultural development is also crucial. By the criterion I develop, a culture which has expanded its potentialities in various independent forms is an open culture able to enter into dialogue with any other culture. 1. To begin with, I must mention that at first I intended to present my paper at the Section of Philosophy of History, because the point at issue here has a great concern to the concept of history and to the metho...   [tags: Philosohical Historical Papers]

Powerful Essays
4648 words (13.3 pages)

Concept of Anger Essay

- Introduction Anger is a complicated concept that is not very well understood by many. Anger can be negative as well as positive in certain circumstances. Everyone has experienced anger in their life time it is impossible to avoid. The management of anger is where it can cause problems. The term anger has been around for a very long time, and there is a scale to measure how angry someone is. When anger is better understood more resources will be available. It is in everyone’s best interest that more research be done to understand anger and how it affects the human body and one’s health....   [tags: anger management, disability, negativity]

Powerful Essays
1343 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on Historical Context Of Humanistic Psychology

- Historical Context The historical context of humanistic originated in the Middle Ages where the philosophy if human is was developed. Achievement of self-realization was a choice for individuals through rational thought and reasoning was considered the belief of philosophy. This movement initiated in the 15th century in Europe with individuals that lacked an opened mind which were religious dogma scholars of the church and philosophers (Schultz & Schultz, 2011). In the mid-1950s modern humanistic psychology emerged, due to the response of psychoanalysis and behaviorism....   [tags: Psychology, Humanistic psychology, Abraham Maslow]

Powerful Essays
1254 words (3.6 pages)

Essay about A New Concept Of Generative Grammar

- In the late 1960’s in the Unites States, a now renown philosopher, Noam Chomsky; posited a new concept of generative grammar. Behaviourists had asserted that, the role of science was to observe and report on perceptible aspects of the psychological mechanisms that relate impetus and response; it was not the role of science to venture into the realm of conjecture or speculation. Furthermore, behaviourists attempted to modify the abnormal or maladjusted behaviour directly, analysing the conditions causing the individual’s current symptoms, not their possible historical origin....   [tags: Psychology, Behavior, Behaviorism, Linguistics]

Powerful Essays
987 words (2.8 pages)

The Concept of Power in International Politics Essay

- The concept of power is central to the study of international politics. International politics has been defined in terms of influencing major nations in the world to advance the purpose of a nation against the opposition of other nations. Thus, it is rather not surprising that power, either by means of influence or control, has been a dominant concept that is intertwined in discussion when it comes to the study of international politics. Before getting into the fundamental nature of power in international relations, it is needed to consider just what power is....   [tags: International Politics]

Powerful Essays
837 words (2.4 pages)