The historical context of humanistic originated in the Middle Ages where the philosophy if human is was developed. Achievement of self-realization was a choice for individuals through rational thought and reasoning was considered the belief of philosophy. This movement initiated in the 15th century in Europe with individuals that lacked an opened mind which were religious dogma scholars of the church and philosophers (Schultz & Schultz, 2011). In the mid-1950s modern humanistic psychology emerged, due to the response of psychoanalysis and behaviorism. Unlike other schools of thought humanistic focused on individuals as wholes, which are more significantly comprehended in their environment.
Determinism was the emphasis of subjective meaning, which was emphasis on positive growth where one of the factors that distinguish Humanistic Approach, versus pathology (Schultz & Schultz, 2011). An impartial observer in most psychology are believed that comprehension of behavior understood through objectively (Schultz & Schultz, 2011). Which focuses on that individuals are incapable of being able to truly comprehend their own behavior, which is considered dangerous to the well-being. Rogers believed that understanding meaning of behavior should be subjective and personal and not scientific, he describes this idea as intersubjective verification.
The School Of Thought/ Central Contributions
The deterministic schools of behaviorism and psychoanalysis were considered major forces of psychology. Determinism is considered the thought of her actions being directed by forces that are beyond our control (Hergenhahn, 2009). Psychoanalysis considered these forces to be unconscious and behaviorism they theorize they existed ...
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...ividuals. Psychology has become more developed due to the numerous windows that allow professional to understand clients that are in need in help which seems to be a constant throughout all of the school of thought. Humanistic Psychology has continued to grow and be widely used by numerous therapist today. Maslow and Rogers helped to develop the framework, and provided with a new outlook of understanding versus focusing on the pathology of individual. This provided professional that they do not have to be objective, but subjective and demonstrating empathy could also be effective. Personally I believe humanistic psychology is beneficial with allowing a client to gain acceptance and understand their own well-being. All and all humanistic approach is widely accepted and is considered to be an influential school that has numerous contributions to psychology today.
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