The Hiroshima and Nagasaki Atomic Bombs Essay

The Hiroshima and Nagasaki Atomic Bombs Essay

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Almost 70 years ago on August 6, 1945 at 8:15 AM, the United States crushed the city of Hiroshima with a 10,000 pound atomic bomb that changed the view of war for millions of people (Hersey,1). The bomb killed at least seventy-five thousand people instantly and many more as the years have gone on due to radiation poisoning and other factors from the bomb (Jennings). To this day, people still have mixed feelings about what the U.S. did to Japan. Some are for the bomb because it saved American lives, but there are others who are against it because it was immoral and unnecessary.
Leo Szilard, a Hungarian scientist, first wrote a letter to President Roosevelt signed by Albert Einstein that stated the U.S. needed to create an atomic bomb. This came about when Szilard realized the danger that would arise if Germany made the first atomic bomb (Long). Einstein was the one who warned the U.S. that Germany had been conducting research into nuclear weapons and didn't want the Nazis to build one first. The first successful test had been conducted in New Mexico on July 16,1945 with a plutonium bomb, by which time Germany had already been defeated (A&E). The next step was to go after Japan.
The U.S. considered an attack even though the amount of American soldiers that would be killed was very high. The estimated amount of American soldiers dying each week in the Pacific War was one thousand (Chen). The most reasonable option thought of was the atomic bomb. The number of deaths caused by Japan during the war was equivalent to one Hiroshima per month for over fourteen years (Chen). The U.S. went after Japan for many reasons, one was that America viewed the Japanese as not good enough. American servicemen thought "The only good Jap...

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Kazemek, Francis. "Two Handfuls of Bone and Ash': Teaching our Children about Hiroshima." HighBeam Research (1994) n.pag. Web 8 Apr.2014
Long, Doug. "Hiroshima: Was it Necessary?" Hiroshima. Ed. Doug Long. N.p., 1995. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. .
Morley, Felix. "The Returning to Nothingness." Human Events. 29 Aug. 1945: 272-74. Print.
Sherwin, Martin J. Memory, Myth, and History. N.p.,n.d. 343-52. Print.
Stimson, Henry L. "The Decision to use the Atomic Bomb." The Atomic Bomb: The Critical Issues. Boston: Little Brown and, 1984. 14-17. Print.
Thomas, Evan. "Why We Did It." Newsweek 24 July 1995: 21-29. Print.
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