Hip Hop Culture By Tobey S. Jenkins Essay

Hip Hop Culture By Tobey S. Jenkins Essay

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Originating in the urban Bronx area of New York hip-hop culture emerged in the 1970’s as a way for minorities to form identifies and social status. Contemporarily, hip-hop has evolved to contain numerous activities such as, “spoken word poetry, theater, clothing styles, language, and some forms of activism,” (Petchauer). Also, in his Journal of Black Studies, author Tobey S. Jenkins states that the core framework of hip-hop culture consists of five elements, and those elements are, “the B-boy/B-girl (dance or break dance), the emcee (voice), the DJ (music), graffiti (art), and knowledge (the consciousness),”(Jenkins,2011). Jenkins also states that it is common for society to replace these elements when a person is to affiliate themselves with a product of hip-hop by five core stereotypes of the Black male hip-hop artist: “the nihilistic, self-centered, caked-out mogul with a god complex; the uneducated, lazy, absentee father; the imprisoned and angry criminal; the cool pimp; and the ignorant thug,” (Jenkins, 2011). Tupac Shakur was an African American icon of popular hip-hop culture that was shot and killed in 1997, but he lives through his music as it is very relevant today. Many people who are consumers of the hip-hop culture say that Tupac is one of the most influential rappers of all time. Tupac strays away from the stereotypes depicted by Jenkins and rap music. He is perceived as a leader in the African American culture. In his rap song Changes, Tupac portrays social issues faced by minorities, in particular African Americans, these issues deal with poverty, police brutality, and racism.
Poverty is a social issue that is predominant among minorities and is evident in Changes by Tupac Shukar. For example, Tupac commences his ...


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...le voice that brutality is unjust and everyone has the same rights. Racism has yet to come to an end and people must unite to put a stop to it, and even if some white folks may say they are not racist they must come to acknowledge their privilege. As Tupac puts it, “It’s time for us as a people to start makin’ some changes. / Let’s change the way we eat, let’s change the way we live/ And let’s change the way we treat each other,” (Shukar l. 57-60). Throughout his rap song Tupac repeats that he sees no changes, but wants people to come together and make changes that will benefit everyone. In his Journal, Jenkins stated that, “music and musicians have undeniable social influence, not just in shaping attitudes, but in influencing social change,” (Jenkins). Tupac has risen to the occasion and in Changes, he serves his purpose in which he seeks to ignite social change.

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