History of Hip Hop
Hip hop music, also called hip-hop or rap music, is a music genre consisting of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping, a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted. It developed as part of hip hop culture, a subculture defined by four key stylistic elements: MCing/rapping, DJing/scratching, break dancing, and graffiti writing. (Wikipedia.org)
The culture, music, and lifestyle known as hip-hop began in the Bronx in New York City in the years 1970’s. At house parties and community centers DJs mixed songs from different records together. They started extending short drum breaks into longer dance mixes by switching between record decks. Bronx DJs experimented with touching and moving vinyl records with their hands. They also used electronic sounds coming from other places, like Europe. In 1973 DJ Kool Herc DJed his first party in the South Bronx. The South Bronx was a poor neighborhood isolated from the rest of New York. One factor in this isolation was construction of the Cross Bronx Expressway, which created a scenery of rubble in neighborhoods it ran through. Young people of color found their own way to make these bleak surroundings positive and beautiful. They spray-painted and danced on cardboard they laid on the ground. Hip-hop parties were positive alternatives to gang violence. Kool Herc, who became known as the father of hip-hop, formed the basis of hip-hop music by experimenting with instrumental breaks of funk, soul, and R&B songs. In the following years hip-hop pioneers such as Afrika Bambaataa, Grandmaster Flash, and Grandmaster Caz start DJing at parties across the Bronx. The story of Afrika Bambaataa—for example, his life-changing trip to Africa tha...
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...driving force behind all these activities was people 's desire to be seen and heard. Hip hop came about because of some major format changes that took place within Black radio during the early 70 's. Prior to hip hop, black radio stations played an important role in the community be being a musical and cultural preserver or griot (story teller). It reflected the customs and values of the day in particular communities. It set the tone and created the climate for which people governed their lives as this was a primary source of information and enjoyment. This was particularly true for young people. (daveyd.com)
"Lesson: What Is Hip-Hop?" Education World:. 14 Oct. 2011. Web. 7 Sept. 2015.
"The History Of Hip Hop Pg 5." The History Of Hip Hop Pg 5. 14 Sept. 2012. Web. 7 Sept. 2015.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 1 May 2015. Web. 7 Sept. 2015.
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