Both Hinduism and Buddhism base their belief system on the idea of karma. The idea of karma is that each person’s actions has a like impact on their lives. Another common belief between Hinduism and Buddhism is that people are continuously being born and dying until they have corrected their karma and fulfill their dharma, or duty. These two ideas go hand in hand for both religions. Therefore, a person’s karma is one life will determine whether they are an insect or a king in their next life. More importantly, their karma will determine if they can escape the constant cycle of death and rebirth.
Another belief associated with karma and rebirth in these religions is that life on Earth is suffering. Growing old, death, and even love for others causes pain but pain is suffering and should be avoided. From Pali Canon it is stated directly that Buddhists hold everything in this worldly life to be suffering; unpleasant things are suffering, being separated from pleasant things is suffering, and ultimately aging and death is suffering. While the Hindu readings may not have been as direct, it does explain that the eventual goal is to leave behind the circle of rebirth. This in conjunction with the fact that everyone should obey their dharma, even if it means murdering their family, suggests that our lives on Earth are undesirable, ridden with grief and is what people want to graduate from.
The idea of controlling your own thoughts and the important of meditation is also common to both belief systems. Controlling thoughts im...
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...n and contemplation to realize the true essence of our lives and escape the cycle of death and rebirth. The two also hold importance in strictly controlling your actions to uphold your dharma, because following your duty, whether it be in your society or in your thoughts, is essential to reaching a higher state after death. Conversely, these belief systems have varying recommendations for how people should behave throughout their lives. Hinduism focuses on upholding your role in society, which is about the norm for Western culture, and restraining from sin. Meanwhile, Buddhism emphasizes how people should detach themselves from worldly things and focusing their thoughts and actions on avoiding both pleasure and pain. Buddhism and Hinduism share a lot of characteristics fundamentally but ultimately have different ideas on how people should act throughout their lives.
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