What does the term "insanity" mean? A mental illnesses which are so severe and debilitating that prevents a person from functioning in a lawful socially acceptable manner. (google.com) A little history about psychiatric hospitals and how things were handled in the past. “The nation's first two psychiatric hospitals opened in the late-1700s. Eastern State Hospital in Williamsburg, Va. opened Oct. 12, 1773. By 1880, there were 75 public psychiatric hospitals in the United States. In 1955 state mental institutions in the U.S. housed nearly 560,000 patients. By 1977, mental institutions reduced the size of their collective population to about 160,000." (A History of Mental Institutions in the United States) “The number of U.S. Registered Hospitals 920,829.” (Health Forum) Psychiatric hospitals/facilities receive billions of dollars to run these facilities. (Gary Null, PhD)
There are symptoms of insanity that could be observed such as; aggression, restless, sadness, in different, irritable, or recklessness. But there are some symptoms that are not easily observed such as; emotional liability and changed thought patterns. There were different forms of treatments used to treat insanity victims; 1. INSULIN-COMA THERAPY began in 1927. 2. TREPANATION 20th century 3. ROTATIONAL THERAPY 4. MESMERISM (1734-1815) 5. LOBOTOMY 6. Electroconvulsive therapy 7.restraint 8. Strong drugs 9. Shock water treatment 10. Bleeding 11. Blistering salves. Such treatments often left patients severely damaged and not being able to function in society. New psychiatric drugs were developed in the 1950s, there was a new-found belief that people in mental institutions could be rehabilitated. Our current day treatments are r...
... middle of paper ...
2. By Dan Greenberg, Psychiatric-Treatments, September 17, 2012 http://mentalfloss.com/article/31489/10-mind-boggling-psychiatric-treatments
3. By Douglas Linder, The Trial of John Hinckley, 2002
4. By Gary Null, The Hidden Side of Psychiatry by Gary Null, 1983-2002
6. 2014 by Health Forum LLC, an affiliate of the American Hospital Association, 2006-2014
7. Professor Lore Rutz-Burri, J.D. Southern Oregon University Defenses to Criminal Liability: Excuse, Powerpoint slide from chapter 6.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Richard Bonnie, a Professor of law and psychiatry, leans on yes -- insanity should indeed exist as a legal defense for criminals. However, his stance on the matter focuses more on a modified variation of the existing defense used in the courts, as the defense maneuver is crucial in maintaining moral integrity of criminal law (Bonnie, 1982, p. 308). He begins with a suggestion to consider the case of John Hinckley. While hearing his argument for the insanity defense, it is mentioned how the media takes on many cases, such as Hinckley's own case, and coupled with a lack of disagreement among experts in the psychiatric field, the media has had a negative influence on the overall depiction of th... [tags: richard bonnie, criminal law, insanity defense]
1379 words (3.9 pages)
- In 1997, Jesse Ernst and his older brother Ted went on a crime spree throughout the Bigfork area. The brothers burglarized several homes that year, and in one instance killed a neighbor when he attempted to intervene. Both brothers were sentenced to life in prison, however in an appeal Jesse was found not guilty because of mental disease or defect. Instead of spending life in prison, he was released from a mental hospital after only one year of treatment and is now “working, planning to become a missionary, and ‘doing very well’ according to his lawyer, Phyllis Quatman” (Sabol).... [tags: Law]
1930 words (5.5 pages)
- The Insanity Defense Former U.S president Ronald Reagan was shot by a man named John Hinckley in the year 1981. The president along with many of his entourage survived the shooting despite the heavy infliction of internal and external injuries. The Hinckley case is a classic example of the 'not guilty by reason of insanity' case (NGRI). The criminal justice system under which all men and women are tried holds a concept called mens rea, a Latin phrase that means "state of mind". According to this concept, Hinckley committed his crime oblivious of the wrongfulness of his action.... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
1267 words (3.6 pages)
- Defense of the Insanity Defense: John Hinckley Jr., Jeffery Dahmer, James Holmes, and Andrea Yates: all are perpetrators of violent crimes, and all claim insanity as the reason. In recent years, it seems that the verdicts of many major violent crimes have come down to whether the defendant is accountable for their actions or if they should be held Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity (NGRI). This verdict more commonly known as the Insanity Defense is often seen as a way for criminals to ‘get out’ of punishment for their crimes.... [tags: perpetrators of violent crimes]
2033 words (5.8 pages)
- "Insanity is defined as a mental disorder of such severity as to render its victim incapable of managing his affairs or conforming to social standards." (Insanity, pg. 1) It is used in court to state that the defendant was not aware of what he/she was doing at the time of the crime, due to mental illnesses. But insanity is a legal, not a medical, definition. There is a difference between mental illness and going insane. Many problems are raised by the existence of the insanity defense.... [tags: Papers]
1470 words (4.2 pages)
- In 1843, testifying that one is insane became a useful defense. When Daniel McNaughtan attempted to assassinate British Prime Minister Robert Peel, he failed. Instead, McNaughtan killed Peel's secretary but was found not guilty by reason of insanity at the trial. The United States criminal justice system quickly adopted this new law of not guilty by reason of insanity, established by the McNaughton Decision. Although he was found not guilty, McNaughtan spent twenty years in a mental asylum until his death.... [tags: Crime, Criminal Justice]
956 words (2.7 pages)
- John Hinckley’s trial ended in 1982 with the verdict of not guilty by reason of insanity. About a year before, Hinckley shot Ronald Reagan because he was infatuated with the famous actress Jodie Foster. He thought shooting Reagan would impress her and lead her to fall in love with him. After the verdict was announced, the public responded with dismay because they felt as though Hinckley should pay for what he had done. Following the uproar, the United States revised and limited the insanity plea with the hopes that fewer people would use it or actually receive the verdict (Hans).... [tags: Criminal Justice]
1099 words (3.1 pages)
- When someone commits a crime, he or she may use mental illness as a defense. This is called an insanity plea or insanity defense. What the insanity defense does is try to give the alleged perpetrator a fair trial. At least in extreme cases, society agrees with this principle. The problem is where do we draw the line. Under what circumstances is a person considered insane, and when are they not. The trouble with the insanity defense in recent years is the assumption that virtually all criminals have some sort of mental problem.... [tags: A Crime Of Insanity]
2529 words (7.2 pages)
- Sane for insanity. Often times, the Insanity Defense is viewed by the public as an excused for criminals who are trying to be free of a sentence in jail.That may be the case for a small portion of the time, but that rarely works. It does not matter what the defendants mental ability is at the moment of a trial. The jurors focus on the mental capability at the moment the defendant committed the crime. There are several tests that are looked at in trying to find what the cause was for all of the commotion by the defendant in the committed crime to discover the level of their mental illness, or if there is an illness at all.... [tags: insanity defense, excuse for criminals]
1223 words (3.5 pages)
- Each state, and the District of Columbia, has its own statute outlining the standard for determining whether a defendant is legally insane, therefore not responsible, at the time the crime is committed. “An insanity defense is based on the theory that most people can choose to follow the law; but a few select persons cannot be held accountable because mental disease or disability deprives them of the ability to make a rational / voluntary choice. Such individuals need special treatment as opposed to prison; punishment is not likely to deter future antisocial conduct of these mentally diseased individuals.” Retrieved on 5/25/2010 from http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/hinckley... [tags: Criminal Justice ]
1183 words (3.4 pages)