Essay on High Mortality Makes High Fertility A Necessity

Essay on High Mortality Makes High Fertility A Necessity

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High mortality makes high fertility a necessity:
Sex was celebrated in Greco Roman culture through the arts and literature. Many erotic artifacts have been preserved. Sex and marriage shaped the Greeks and Romans culture and their laws. The ancient Greco Roman world existed before the demographic revolution took place. The agricultural societies had high mortality due to infectious diseases such as smallpox. They did not have the proper medical technology needed to treat life threatening diseases. As a result the average life expectancy at birth was in the low 20’s. For individuals who were fortunate enough to live through the first year life expectancy increased to around 37 years. Due to the high mortality rate a high fertility rate was crucial to sustaining the society’s population. Each woman was expected to produce a minimum of six live births. This may have required the women to be impregnated additional times in order to produce a baby healthy enough to survive in a world were little medical care was available.
The necessity of a high fertility rate was a burden on women:
The necessity of a high fertility rate was a huge burden on women within the ancient Greco Roman world. Greco marriage is based around Greek fertility. Roman sex is structured on the age of marriage. Women were asked to give consent to marriages that were arranged by their fathers. Marriages are the result of relationships between the two parties’ fathers. A few upper class women were married in their early 20’s, but most women were married around 15 years old. Not because they were in love and wanted to marry but out of biological necessity. This necessity was inscribed on each marriage decree in the words procreandorum liberorum (for the purpose of p...

... middle of paper ... “Do not deprive one another except perhaps by agreement for a set time, to devote yourself to prayer, and then come together again, so that Satan may not tempt you because of your lack of self-control (1Corinthians 7:35).”
God’s plan for sex and marriage is written in his word:
There are several scriptures in the Bible that express Gods plan for sex and marriage. In the book of Matthew God made clear that adultery included lusting after women. It was not confined to sexual acts. “But I say to you that everyone who looks at a women with lust has already committed adultery with her in his heart (Matthew 5:28).” Paul explained to the Corinthians that marriage is okay in the eyes of the Lord. “If anyone thinks that he is not behaving properly toward his fiancée, if his passions are strong, and so it has to be, let him marry as he wishes; it is no sin. Let them marry.

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