Environmental Impacts of sprawl
United States is facing an environmental disaster, losing farmland, green space, and vital ecosystems due to suburban sprawl. It can be said that if urban area grows arithmetically, the environmental problems due to urban growth increase exponentially. Urban sprawl cause more paved surface which create runoff during rainstorm. This runoff picks up oil, chemicals, and gravel from the pavement and grass. These chemicals would usually be filtered out of the water through the ground or even they might run off into streams. Likewise, algae blooms would be the possible result of fertilizer from the yard that run off into the streams. The algae blooms reduce O2 in the water, killing the fish. Similarly, the water supply for the towns would get contaminated. Moreover, more pavements cause less infiltration for groundwater.
Land subsidence is another problem that these areas might face. As the demand or the groundwater increases as a result of urban sprawl, more void in the aquifer would be created. The land compresses, causing flooding issues, cracking of foundations. San...
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