Herpes simplex virus is a recurring incurable viral disease. It is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States (Ignatavicius & Workman, 2010). There are two types of herpes simplex virus: HSV-1 and HSV-2. HSV-1 is primarily spread through salivary and respiratory contact, while HSV-2 is by genital contact (Malm, 2009). Herpes virus infection in the neonate is mainly caused by HSV-2, although genital herpes infection by HSV-1 is becoming more prevalent (Malm, 2009). Neonatal HSV is acquired in one of three ways: intrauterine, perinatal, and postpartum (Lawrence & Wald, 2009).
“The five factors known to influence transmission of HSV from mother to neonate are type of maternal infection (primary versus recurrent), maternal antibody status, duration of rupture of membranes, integrity of mucocutaneous barriers (e.g. use of scalp electrodes), and mode of delivery (cesarean versus vagi...
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