From the ashes of Troy, the light of Rome was born through an act by a man who would be deemed both courageous and cowardly by those who once protected it. The early Roman army was one of the most feared and capable armies in ancient times in part due to their strict code of loyalty and punishment of those who betray said code. One of the most reviled crimes was the act of cowardice and the Roman Empire enforced loyalty among its ranks. To betray Rome was to essentially betray the gods. The hero of Aeneas is a rare character in Ancient Roman history that both forsake the gods he serves but also abides to their will. In defying the code of the Roman soldier, Aeneas would help found a city that would outlive the fallen city of Troy.
During the early Roman Empire, the Roman army consisted of young volunteers, and while mostly untrained, they were feared warriors on the battlefield. The army was heavily influenced by the Greeks military, whom ironically were the ones to destroy the Roman homeland of Troy. Both the Greek and Roman armies used similar armor styles and battle tactics, such as using smaller groups of soldiers, known as maniples, to break up opposing phalanxs of soldiers (Mcmanus 1999). The weapons used were the sword, spear and shield, though it mostly came down to what the soldier could afford since each soldier had to buy their own gear. While similar in fighting gear, the Roman army fought with an emotional ferocity that almost rivaled barbarians (AncientMilitary 2010). Roman soldiers were taught that a war shall never end unless it is in a Roman victory. They must never relent, and never yield to defeat even if it means cataclysmic loss of life. The code of no-retreat was part of the Roman Soldier’s oa...
... middle of paper ...
...ry through his involvement in the creation of Rome decades later (Virgil 29 BC).
The irony of the Ancient Romans was how the character of Aeneas both betrayed his home city of Troy by abandoning it during war, but also saved it at the same time. The strict sense of morality and duty that the soldiers of the ancient Roman times held would have labeled Aeneas a coward by their standard. Had he obeyed them, he would die with the city and Rome would have never been formed. Had the city not fallen and Aeneas still attempted to fled, he would have been executed and likely caused the executions of other soldiers by Decimation. By either luck or fate, Aeneas’ decision to abandon the city would prove wise and he would escape the punishment that would have been inevitable. It was of Aeneas’s betrayal and servitude of the military code that would allow for Rome to exist
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction Caesar Augustus’ rise to absolute power in the year 31 BCE motioned to a deviation in the politics of Rome, shifting from a republic to a monarchy, though shielded in evident conservatism. It was through the formation of a prescribed mythology to the Julii family name that Augustus and his reign were cemented. By way of the insistence of Augustus, Vergil created the Aeneid to illustrate the mythological underpinnings of the Julii line, and how Augustus offered the hope of prosperity for Rome after a period of civil wars, as the gods supposedly directed it.... [tags: Classical Mythology, Greco Roman Drama]
2312 words (6.6 pages)
- In the Gospel of Mark, Jesus is portrayed as the Messiah, a heroic figure for the Jews, and in The Aeneid, Vergil creates Aeneas as the ideal Roman hero, a manifestation of the highest Roman virtues, such as military leadership, pride, and pietas. Although both men are depicted as heroes by their respective authors, they embody completely different sets of ideals. Aeneas, representing the Romans, would heavily disagree with Jesus because of his actions, being a servant-king instead of a ruler to his people and being captured and executed at the hands of his enemies, and because of his teachings to value the immaterial over the material.... [tags: Roman Empire, Aeneid, Roman mythology, Virgil]
1354 words (3.9 pages)
- In Roman literature, the hero Aeneas serves as the epitome of a well behaved, exemplary citizen; the Roman poet Aulus Licinius Archias also embodies the same wonderful values of Rome. He displays loyalty, honesty, and honorable character. These traits construct him as a model citizen. However there are also Roman citizens like Lucius Sergius Catilina who have done awful aactivities such as attempting to over throw the republic, attempting assassinations, and extorting money. Behaviors among citizens such as those displayed by Catilina force us to pose the question: do these poorly behaved citizens appoint Rome to a lesser renowned place in history.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Julius Caesar]
1729 words (4.9 pages)
- All civilizations have a specific set rules and customs in which they believe defines the perfect person. Often, their example of the perfect person is told in an epic, in which there is a hero. From devastating good looks to superhuman strength, there is always something that separates this character from other people. Often, it is their bloodline, where one of their parents is a god. Sometimes, however, it is what they do and how they present themselves is what defines them. Or, it is how they battle, whether it is physically, mentally, or linguistically.... [tags: Odysseus, culture, Achilles, Aeneas, Trojan War]
1198 words (3.4 pages)
- Aeneas is portrayed as a hero from Virgil because of his warrior like attributes which will lead his people to safety. He established order in he and his people’s lives in being the founder of the new Trojan state. He is the epitome of the Romans virtues as he is an obedient servant of fate and gods, leader of his people, and shows great devotion to his family. In Aeneas’s role as a loyal servant of fate and of the gods, he is “a man apart, devoted to his mission, a dedicated man”. He faces adversity without ever losing faith in the will of fate like when his faith was reinforced seeing dido’s hard work in the temple built for Juno.... [tags: Aeneid, Aeneas, Dido, Virgil]
744 words (2.1 pages)
- The Roman army was known for its discipline, organization, and innovation, which allowed Rome to build an empire that would dominate the Mediterranean world. Also known for its longevity of survival, the Roman army was one of the most effective fighting forces in military history. Greek biographer Plutarch credits the founder of Rome, Romulus, with creating legionary forces that fought in a form of a militia, with recruitment dependent on a citizen’s social standing. Rome had six classes of wealth upon Rome’s citizens; the lowest group had no land and were excluded from the military, while the highest group, the equites, formed the cavalry.... [tags: Roman Empire, Roman army, Ancient Rome]
1608 words (4.6 pages)
- The empire that the Roman’s built can be argued to have been the greatest in world history. The Roman Empire controlled the largest land area in European history and influenced a huge region, acting as a cultural center for the entire continent of Europe. Their strength derived from their prowess and skill on the battlefield. The Roman Army was extremely effective and became the basis of our military structure today by utilizing technological advances in strategy and weaponry, and simply having more discipline.... [tags: Roman Empire Wars]
1634 words (4.7 pages)
- Is Aeneas a Good Warrior. 'I sing of arms and of the man, fated to be an exile', begins Virgil, and it is on precisely the issue of this man of arms that critical debate in recent years has tended to centre. Scholars continue to disagree on whether or not Aeneas is presented as a good soldier, although the question itself is certainly far from black and white, complicated by the culturally relative nature of terms such as 'conflict' and 'courage', as well as by the rather oblique definition that 'good' itself holds.... [tags: Aeneid Aeneas War Papers Argumentative]
2897 words (8.3 pages)
- Aeneas, the Anti-hero of Aeneid Many people seem to be under the impression that the Aeneid is a celebration of Roman glory, led by the hero of fate Aeneas. I find these preconceived ideas hard to reconcile with my actual reading of the text. For starters, I have a hard time viewing Aeneas as a hero at all. Almost any other main characters in the epic, from Dido to Camilla to Turnus, have more heroic qualities than Aeneas. This is especially noteworthy because many of these characters are his enemies.... [tags: Aeneid Essays]
2032 words (5.8 pages)
- The New Hero of Aeneas Can myopia afflict an individual with so severe a malady to the extreme of proclaiming, "If you take from Vergilius his diction and metre, what do you leave him". Unless we take this statement as a neophyte joke, we may not be able to continue. The objective of this essay is to clean the bifocals of those whom I presumed after reading the Aeneid as a botched-up replica of the Iliad and the Odyssey conclude that it is indeed so and go about perpetuating such calumny. Hence, to answer the obvious, if we strip Vergilius of his diction and metre, we leave him a new type of hero.... [tags: Papers]
2023 words (5.8 pages)