Hernando Cortes Conquered Mexico Essay

Hernando Cortes Conquered Mexico Essay

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Hernando Cortes was one of the bravest military leaders of all time. Born in Medellin, Spain, he was a Spanish Conquistador who conquered most of Central America. He also gave Spain three-hundred years of control over Mexico. Cortes started exploring in the early 1500’s. He explored to find riches and conquered by being observant of the natives. With a small army, he conquered the Aztec Empire. Cortes went to the university in Salamanca, Spain. He attended the university to study Latin and Law. Unfortunately, Cortes completed only two years of school. He returned to his family in Medellin, Spain. However, life became boring for him. Nevertheless, Christopher Columbus inspired Cortes to explore the New World. Finally, Cortes was able to explore the New World. Cortes sailed on a ship to Santo Domingo, Hispaniola in 1504. He received land in Hispaniola. He cultivated the land for about seven years. Finally, Cortes first adventure was in 1511. He met a rich landowner named Diego Velazquez. Velazquez led a mission to conquer Cuba. Cortes joined forces with Velazquez. This mission was a success. Velazquez became the Governor of Cuba. Cortes received land and slaves. Cortes became wealthy. He owned a large home and a thriving ranch. He had a new wife but still craved for excitement in his life. He continued to have adventure on his mind. Francisco Fernandez de Cordoba a Spanish explorer was searching for slaves. Unfortunately, the captain landed in a different place. This explorer had landed on the Yucatan Peninsula. This peninsula had cities built of stone. The native people wore bright colored clothing and appeared to be highly civilized. This was the first developed society the Spaniards had found in the New World. The captain had fou...


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...the large army and captured Narvaez without difficulty. Following this, Cortes persuaded the army to join him. Commander Pedro de Alvarado was in charge of the Aztecs. There had been tension during Cortes absence. Alvarado allowed the people of Tenochtitlan to hold a religious festival. Then, he executed them with cannons. The Aztecs retaliated, and the Spaniards fled to their palace. When Cortes returned to the city, Aztecan soldiers had surrounded the palace. Montezuma II tried to return peace to the Aztec city. Nevertheless, the soldiers no longer listened to his orders. Unfortunately, Montezuma II was stoned to death. In June 1520, the Spaniards attempted to sneak out of the city. More than 600 Spaniards died that night. Luckily, Cortes and a small group managed to cross the lake to safety. They rested in Tlaxcala region for the remainder of the year.

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