…students, children or youth who give evidence of high performance capability in areas such as intellectual, creative, artistic, or leadership ability, or in specific academic fields, and who require service or activities not ordinarily provided by the school in order to fully develop such capabilities. (PL. 103-382, Title XIV, 1988, p. 388)
Although this definition identifies the need for special services for this population of students, there is no mandated law that states that school districts are required to provide services for these students. Because of this, these students may not be able to fully develop their gifts.
Conceptual theories of giftedness have been proposed by several people. Sternberg and Zhang proposed one theory, pentagonal implicit theory that required a person to meet five criteria in order to be considered gifted. These criteria were (Turnbull, 197):
1. Excellence~ the person must be superior in some dimension to their peers,
2. Rarity~ the person must have a high level of an attribute that that rare relative to their peers,
3. Productivity~ the person, along with the dimension in which the person is being evaluated as superior must lead to or potentially lead to product...
... middle of paper ...
...dness and Talent. In Exceptional Children: An Introduction to Special Education. (pp. 508-551). New Jersey: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall
King. (2005)Addressing the Social and Emotional Needs of Twice Exceptional
Students. Teaching Exceptional Children (Sep/Oct), 16-20
Maker, C.J., Udall, A.J. (1985). Giftedness and Learning Disabilities. ERIC Clearinghouse on Disabilities and Gifted Education.
McGrail, L. (1998).Modifying Regular Classroom Curriculum for Gifted and Talented Students Gifted Child Today, Spring, 21-23
National Association for Gifted Children, Giftedness and High Ability.
State Notes on Gifted and Talented, State Gifted and Talented Definitions
Turnbull, R. Turnbull, A. Shank, M. Smith, S.J., (2004). Giftedness. In Exceptional Lives: Special Education in Today’s Schools (pp. 194-224). New Jersey: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.
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