Heinrich Tessenow's Haus des Architekten in Berlin and Other Buildings

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The Haus des Architekten (house of the architect) was built in 1930 and situated in Zehlendorf, 3km North of the Berlin border and 13km South-West of Berlin city-centre. The area of Zehlendorf is a well-educated and affluent area of Germany, also with some of the most remarkable natural scenery in Berlin. The site of the house is 100m from the west entrance to the street Sophie-Charlotten-Straße built on a plot of land surrounded by trees setback from the road. The architect of the house: Heinrich Tessenow (1876-1950) was a German architect who studied as an apprentice carpenter before studying architecture at a building trade school in Leipzig, followed by the technical University of Munich. Throughout the time of the Weimar Republic in Germany, Tessenow was seen as one of the most important personalities of the German architectural era. The architecture in Germany throughout 1920 followed into the early 1930’s and so had an influence in Tessenow’s house. 1920’s housing saw servant less designs which made them a lot smaller than designs seen earlier on in the century and in the arts & crafts movement where the designs were a lot grander and housed numerous amounts of people. Throughout Tessenow’s career, he supported the national socialist group, who rejected all ideas of the modern styles being created by architects such as Frank Lloyd Wright and Marcel Breuer. This socialist group was also supported by the Nazi regimes who were coming to power throughout this time too. Something which stands out here though is that he claims to be against modernist ideas and creations, but with Haus des Architekten, it is very simplistic from the outside and looks like he is simplifying his designs from buildings such as the ‘Festspie... ... middle of paper ... ...y walls and small vertically based windows allowing specific amounts of light in and a structure string enough to serve its main purpose and that only, Villa Savoye is more of a free plan design with horizontal, wide windows which turns the house from a vertically based house to a horizontal one. These windows also make it seem more spacious inside and allow a lot more light in, making it seem more natural. The House at Regensburg, designed by Herzog in 1998, shows the development of architecture over the century within Germany, and how it adjusted itself following on from the ruler ship of the Nazis’. The house still contains geometric patterns similar to Tessenow’s, but are now in the horizontal form rather than the vertical way. This house too has lost its traditional house shape design and is designed to appear as ifs its being forced up through the ground.

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