Each health system comprises of the following three levels of care: primary, secondary and tertiary care.
The Declaration of Alma Ata (1978) defines primary care as the first level of contact of patients with the healthcare system. This level of care comprises treatment of common illnesses (such as sore throats, diabetes, or hypertension), and preventive measures including vaccinations and mammograms (Bodenheimer & Grumbach, 2008). Primary care providers (PCPs) include general practitioners (GPs), nurses, pharmacists, dentists and physiotherapists (King, 2001).
Distinctively, only primary care is outpatient-focused and office setting-based. Secondary and tertiary levels, on the contrary, are both inpatie...
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...erica : a global quest for better, cheaper, and fairer health care. New York: Penguin Press. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=IdnTLQ2K1v8C&printsec=frontcover
Sanders, J. (2002). Financing and organization of national health systems. In B. Fried & L. Gaydos (Eds.), World Health Systems: Challenges and Perspectives (1st ed.). Retrieved from http://www.ache.org/pubs/worldhealth.pdf
Shi, L. & Singh, D. (2004). Delivering health care in America : a systems approach. (pp. 241). Boston: Jones and Bartlett. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=4YzlWmzm3v0C&q=secondary+care#v=snippet&q=secondary%20care&f=false
World Health Organization (2000). The world health report 2000 health systems : improving performance. Geneva, Switzerland: Office of Publications, World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/whr/2000/en/whr00_en.pdf
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