The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996
Enactment of HIPAA guaranteed health insurance coverage portability and directing the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to implement the national standard for electronic healthcare transactions. The HIPAA Privacy Rule (Standards for Privacy of Individually Identifiable Health Information) was adopted when it was determined that developing technology would soon place certain individually identifiable health information or protected health information (PHI) at a greater risk of disclosure. Oversight and enforcement of the Privacy Rule and regulating the use and disclosure of PHI by covered entities falls to the Office of Civil Rights (OCR) under DHHS (Office for Civil Rights, Health Information Privacy, 2011). Compla...
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.... The New England Journal of Medicine 2007;356: 2713-9. Retrieved June 1, 2011, from https://secure.muhealth.org/~ed/students/articles/NEJM_356_p2713.pdf
Medical Errors and Patient Safety. (2008). The Patient Safety and Quality Improvement Act of 2005. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality website. Retrieved May 31, 2011, from http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/psoact.htm.
Office for Civil Rights, Health Information Privacy. (2011). Understanding Health Information Privacy. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services website. Retrieved May 30, 2011, from http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/index.html.
Office for Civil Rights, Privacy Brief. (2003). Summary of the HIPAA Privacy Rule. U.S. Department of Health & Human Services website. Retrieved May 30, 2011, from http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/privacy/hipaa/understanding/summary/privacysummary.pdf.
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