The health gap in diabetes among Indigenous people and non-Indigenous Australians. Diabetes is three times more likely to occur among Indigenous Australians, despite the efforts of the health care system.
Background and Discussion
Diabetes mellitus is the fastest growing chronic illness in the world. Its mortality rate reached 5.1 million in 2013. It represents the biggest challenge facing Australia’s health care system in the 21st century (Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, 2012). There is a great disparity between Indigenous peoples and non-Indigenous Australians in health, for example, type II diabetes, which is three times in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders than in the non-Indigenous population (Arnold, Hoy, Sharma & Wang, 2016, p. 1). Furthermore, type II diabetes is contributing to increased mortality among Indigenous people and can leads to other chronic conditions such as coronary heart disease (CHD) (Gray, Brown & Thomson, 2012).
The health gap issue between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Australia has escalated to cause global concern. A 2009 UN report finds that Indigenous health in Australia is worse than indigenous communities in other developed countries. Anand Grover, the UN special rapporteur, visited Indigenous communities for two weeks to estimate how health care in Australia fulfills the Indigenous needs. Dr. Grover found that there is direct discrimination against Indigenous people, a lack of appropriate services in Indigenous communities and a lack of basic requirements like proper shelter, sanitation and good education (Arup & Sharp, 2009).
According to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare in 2014, the main reasons behind the poor health of Aboriginal and Tor...
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...rams run by the Indigenous communities themselves
5- Build rapport with Indigenous clients so they feel comfortable discussing their health concerns
The program that started in 2016 will run for five years. The success of this strategy depends on the progress of each goal and the national response to diabetes after three years (Australian Government Department of Health).
This communication plan should be known to the Minister of Health and policy-makers as well as workers in the health sector, parents whose children are diabetics and the media. Regarding Indigenous patients, the communication should use both verbal and nonverbal cues. This is important as the first minutes spent with Indigenous people are very crucial to make the initial interaction comfortable and build rapport. The communication plan approved by minister 's press secretary.
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