The accessibility and cost of medicines for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander remains a significant factor when it comes to reaching health equality across Australia. The Pharmaceutical Benefits Schedule (PBS) expenditure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people is approximately half that of the non-Indigenous average despite the three times higher
level of illness for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population.
In July 2010, the Closing The Gap (CTG) PBS co-payment measure was introduced by the Australian Government in response to the rate of illness disparency in the Australian population (Australian Government Department of Health, 2013). The primary target was to reduce or remove the patient co-payment for PBS medicines for eligible Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients that are affected by or at risk of chronic diseases.
However, recent developments in the co-payment measures has proposed the revival of the Hawk Government’s 1991 Budget measure. This means that a ‘modest’, approximately $6, co-payment will be imposed on Medicare Benefits Schedule (MBS) non-referred general practitioner (GP) visits (Australian Centre for Health Research, 2013). This proposal of a $6 co-payment would save the Federal Government $70 million over four years. However, many Health care and Social Work professionals ask ‘at what cost?’
Dr Beaumont told ABC that if the co-payments were imposed on indigenous people it would have drastic effects - there is no doubt that “the number of dollars would be enough to keep people away from very important, particularly chronic disease services” (La Canna, 2013).
Although the proposed co-payment measure on GP visits propose that indigenous people would g...
... middle of paper ...
...ticipants deciding not to initiate care (Manning and Newhouse et al., 1987, pp. 251--277). These findings further solidifies Dr Beaumont’s concerns about the co-payments deterring people away from a range of health care services including chronic disease services. The controversial and sensitive issue involved with patients missing or receiving delayed treatment for significant acute and chronic illnesses as a result of the co-payment measures is significant enough for Health Care and Social Work professionals to advocate against such a proposal. Despite the eligibility of some Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders to waive the co-payments and health care and social work empowerment the issue of careful monitoring and risk management, especially in relation to patients deciding to forgo essential GP services will eventually fall on the responsibility of the patient.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Global Community Assessment: Australia The sound of the engine was deafening. Then again maybe my heartbeat was the sound pounding in my ears. Sudden panic mixed with excitement over takes me as I think, "what have I gotten myself into now?!" But, then I look over at my partner in this so crazy it-just-might-work adventure. I take a deep cleansing breath and look at the picture of my boys, which I have secured to my in-flight reading materials. They all said the flight is the worst part, from there the action will be of a different sort.... [tags: indigenous, aboriginal, healthcare, nursing]
2222 words (6.3 pages)
- Factors influencing recruitment and retention of registered nurses across rural Australia Rural Australia is characterised by having a largely industry driven economy, being geographically diverse, climatically extreme and having a low population density (Rural Health Review 2001; Kidd et al. 2012). Rural Australians are an ageing population, with a higher incidence of chronic disease, drug and alcohol dependency and a greater proportion of Aboriginal Australians than metropolitan Australia (Blue 2001; Francis et al.... [tags: Nursing, Registered nurse, Nurse, Health]
1125 words (3.2 pages)
- Family is the most important thing in this world and without it, we are nothing. Our family moulded us to become who we are now and without them we will never appreciate the beauty of this world. There are a lot of things that we need to be thankful for to our parents and families. Our home is our honing place in which we are being instilled with good morals and values and also how to communicate with others. Being with our family make us feel secured and loved. For the Indigenous people of Australia, the family is included in their health status and a separation from one of its member will manifest an illness.... [tags: Indigenous Australians, Australia]
1198 words (3.4 pages)
- Account for TWO ecumenical development in Australian Christianity since World War II. Ecumenism, in the sense of Australian Christianity, is the religious initiative towards unity within the Christian church. It is the promotion of co-operation and improved understanding between distinct religious groups or denominations within Christianity and other religions. NATIONAL COUNCIL OF CHURCHES IN AUSTRALIA (NCCA) The NCCA is an example of an ecumenical movement it brings together a number of Australia's Christian churches in dialogue and practical support.... [tags: Religion Church Australia]
761 words (2.2 pages)
- Modern Aboriginal Issues The first Europeans to settle Australia treated the Aboriginals in a brutal, unfair manor. They downgraded Aboriginals to a lower status as human beings. They tried to force the Aboriginals to conform to the western way of life for more than 200 years. It is only fairly recently that the Aboriginals have finally been able to gain back some of their indigenous rights and traditions. Yet they are still deficient in many areas. The land that their ancestors held has not all been returned to them, they struggle to meet the requirements of western education systems, and they have a very limited access to health care.... [tags: Aboriginals Australia History Essays]
3503 words (10 pages)
- With the population of about 23 million, Australia stands as one of the most developed nations in the world. While a major proportion of the Australians are non-natives, Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders accounts for a much smaller proportion. According to Australian Bureau of Statics, they accounted for 729,048 in 2015. There are 32% of indigenous people living in major cities, 43% in regional areas and 25% in remote areas according to Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS). Although this is their native place, indigenous people still face social disadvantages, poor socioeconomic status, education, employment which leads to high rate of mortality and morbidity.... [tags: Australia, Indigenous Australians]
1541 words (4.4 pages)
- The World Health Organization defines health as “a state of complete, physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” (International Health Conference, 1948) When considering this definition, which has remained unamended since 1948, it is clear that there is a vast interplay of factors that have led to the poor state of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health. Such factors can include employment, income, education, stress, working and living conditions, geography and limited autonomy amongst many more which can be collectively considered the “social determinants of health” (Wilkinson & Marmot, 2003).... [tags: health care, social sciences]
1883 words (5.4 pages)
- The Indigenous Population of Australia existed before the European colonisation of the country, they are known as Aboriginals, and Torres Strait Islanders. Unfortunately, due to the colonisation and westernisation of Australia, the indigenous population has suffered. Presently a large portion of the indigenous population in Australia has developed a poor socioeconomic status, there are fewer opportunities for them to work, it is not uncommon for indigenous people to have poor nutrition, they have a higher rate of certain chronic diseases than European descendants for example diabetes, renal failure and heart disease, and until relatively recent years they did not have the same rights as thos... [tags: Indigenous Australians, Australia, Queensland]
1110 words (3.2 pages)
- Reconciliation Action Plan The goals and visions behind my reconciliation action plan was to bring the two sides of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians together in equality and harmony. Since the colonisation of Australia there has been a vast divide between the two sides that has caused many serious outcomes for Aboriginal people. My way of contributing to this is to create a better understanding, restore trust and eradicate racism as a positive way to help close the gap between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australia’s.... [tags: Aboriginal and Non-Aboriginal Australians]
1257 words (3.6 pages)
- Introduction: The right to mental health is a fundamental human right. The World Health Organization reflected this right as the utmost achievable standard of health in its constitution of 1946. In 1991, the United Nations General Assembly in its resolution embraced the “Principles for the Protection of Persons with Mental Illness and for the Improvement of Mental Health Care”. This doctrine constituted the foundation of devising mental health strategies around the world including Australia. The United Nations in 2007 formulated “Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities”; a treaty to promote, protect and ensure the rights and freedoms of people with disabilities.... [tags: Fundamental Human Right, World Health Organization]
1367 words (3.9 pages)