Analytical Chemistry is a branch of chemistry concerned with the qualitative and quantitative assessment of the elements or compounds that consists of the material to be analyzed. This section is divided into several methods and techniques and each one has its uses and importance, including: Volumetric analysis and gravimetric analysis, Thermal analysis, Qualitative analysis, Spectral analysis, Instrumental Analysis and Electrolysis.
Desalination of water by chlorine is considered one of the applications of analytical chemistry. Water pollution is a persistent problem which has led to the death of a lot of people in the world. Contaminated drinking water carries diseases such as cholera, typhoid fever and dysentery. Since 1890 chlorine has been used to disinfect drinking water, which led to the eradication of diseases resulting from water pollution. However there are health effects of using chlorine to treat water such as bladder cancer which is caused by chloroform in the water. In addition a high risk of heart disease is also associated with drinking and bathing in chlorinated water which destroys vitamin E. .
Given that my research thesis is that chlorinated water has some negative impacts on the human body. The first that is important for me to research and find out the health effects on humans of chlorinated water. Second point I focus on the health effect of using chlorin...
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...e articles which provide more and specific information related to the effects of chlorinated water.
Bull,R.(1982).Health effects of drinking watre disinfectants and disinfectant by –products. Health Effects Research Laboratory U.S. Environmental Protection, 554A-559A.
Cedergren ,M. Selbing,A. Lofman,O and Kallen,B (2002).Chlorination Byproducts and Nitrate In Drinking Water and Risk for Congenital Cardiac Defects. Environmental Research Section A 89, 124-130.
Kenny S. Crump &Harry A. Guess, (1982), Drinking Water and Cancer: Review of Recent Epidemiological Findings and Assessment of Risks, Ann. Rev. Public Health ,3:339-57.
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