Health Belief Model: Condoms and Sexual Risk Essay

Health Belief Model: Condoms and Sexual Risk Essay

Length: 1459 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Sexual Risk Teen Pregnancy Prevention (Condom)
Section 1- Health Belief Model
The health belief model (HBM) is a psychosocial model that was developed during the 1950’s by social psychologists of the U.S public health services, and this model was used to explain why people failed to participate in disease prevention and detection programs. The theory is one of the most health behavior theories, which is used to explain behavior change and maintenances, but often times used to predict behavior outcome (Glanze, Rimer, & Lewis, 2002).
The key concept of the health belief model includes threat perception (perceived threat), behavioral evaluation, self-efficacy and other variables. The threat perception has very great relevance in health-related behaviors. This perception are measured by perceived susceptibility (the beliefs about the likelihood of contacting a disease) and perceived severity (the feeling about the seriousness of contacting an illness and leaving it untreated). The behavioral evaluation is assessed by the levels of perceived benefits (the positive effects to be expected), perceived barriers (potential negative aspects of a health behavior), and cues to action (the strategies to activated one’s readiness). The self-efficacy key concept was not originally included in of the health belief model, and it was just added in 1998 to look at a person’s belief in his/her ability to take action in order to make a health related change. The other variables that are also the key concepts of the model include diverse demography, sociopsychology, education, and structure. These factors are variable from one to another and indirectly influence an individual’s health-related behavior because the factors influence the perception...


... middle of paper ...


...s effected by the three parameters, so in this case the health motivation is very high. Therefore, teens are very like to change to use condoms to prevent pregnancy.
References
Glanz, K., Rimer, B.K., Lewis, F.M. (2002). Health behavior and health education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass
Janz, N. K., & Becker, M. H. (1984). The health belief model: A decade later. Health Education & Behavior, 11(1), 1-47.
United States Census Bureau, 2014. State & country quickfasts. Retrieved from http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/21/2108902.html on February 25, 2014.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about An Evaluation Of The Health Belief Model

- An Evaluation of the Health Belief Model The goal of this paper is to evaluate and discuss the Health Belief Model, its origins, development, key terms and application; review current research that uses the health belief model as a framework for evaluating health related behaviors and provide an example of how the theory can be applied in modern nursing practice. History of the Health Belief Model In the nineteen fifties, a group of social psychologists at the United States Public Health Service developed the Health Belief Model (HBM) in an attempt to understand the widespread failure of people to participate in screenings for asymptomatic disease; an early example being the failure of large...   [tags: Health, Health care, Public health, Medicine]

Powerful Essays
1113 words (3.2 pages)

Individual Characteristics Of At Risk Youth Essay

- Individual Characteristics for At-Risk Adolescent In evaluating the characteristics of at-risk youth, certain traits distinguish adolescents from the general population. Teens who have a difficult upbringing for instance, tend to be either aggressive and combative or introverted and depressed; at time it could be a combination of all. Killebrew, Smith, Nevels, and Weis (2014) indicate that most young girls living in poverty are more inclined to engage in sexual relationships by the age of 15 (p....   [tags: Human sexual behavior]

Powerful Essays
1251 words (3.6 pages)

HIV and Sexual Health Essay

- Residing in rural districts is a major risk factor for delayed HIV diagnosis (Weis, Liese, Hussey, Gibson, & Duffus, 2010). Thus, Desire to Relieve and Enlighten All Mankind, Inc. (DREAM) Clinic proposes an idea to model an intervention after the Safer Sex Skills Building (SSSB) intervention, a CDC evidence-based intervention (EBI). The target population, heterosexually active women of low socioeconomic status currently in drug treatment residing in rural areas of Dawson, Georgia, lack supplementary treatment and services in these areas, presenting a noteworthy dilemma....   [tags: rural districs, sexual education, mental health]

Powerful Essays
2216 words (6.3 pages)

Critical Analysis of an Article on HIV/AIDS Prevention Issues for Women Essay

- ... This mainly includes poverty and disempowerment because women in lower living standards tend to be treated poorly by men since they are not seen as equals in society. Secondly, changing attitudes and behaviours of men will be an important issue to address because this concerns condom use against protection of HIV/AIDS. In order for this to be work, there must be social change in the cultures on beliefs and attitudes of men. Lastly, we need to understand that HIV/AID affects men and women differently; women are more susceptible physically and emotionally....   [tags: poverty, condoms, empower]

Powerful Essays
968 words (2.8 pages)

Hiv And Sexual And Reproductive Health Education Essay

- Women make up the growing population of those living with HIV/AIDS in the United States. The rate of women infected with this disease is usually higher among younger people than older people. Women prisoners are more than likely to have attracted this infection before actually being incarcerated. Most women were infected with HIV, by a drug injection or may have received HIV from their mother as an infant, or through sexual intercourse. Since women prisoners may engage in sexual intercourse during detention or release on parole, they should be enabled to protect themselves through the provision of condoms and skills in negotiating safer sex....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Sexual intercourse, Safe sex]

Powerful Essays
1035 words (3 pages)

Essay about Health Promotion & Motivational Strategies in Hong Kong

- Introduction: These days, there are common to know about the prevention of infecting HIV/AIDS in Hong Kong. Since 1984, the first case of HIV infection reported, there are total 6,198 people reported they are infected of HIV/AIDS. It represent that Hong Kong have a well plan of health promotion and motivational strategies of promoting education of prevent spreading HIV/AIDS in our society. In the following essay will include the description of the HIV/AIDS client group, evaluate the characteristics by the biopsychosocial model and analyses the health promotion and motivational strategies in Hong Kong....   [tags: Prevention of HIV/AIDS]

Powerful Essays
1425 words (4.1 pages)

Should Condoms Be Given in Schools Essay

- Each year there are many unwanted babies born, or even worse aborted in this country. Many which are born to young people with little or no education about condom use and sex. With a little education about condom use and safe sex many of these unnecessary pregnancies could be prevented. Many parents do not educate their children about sex; therefore the burden usually falls on the schools. Condoms should definitely be readily available in the school system, along with a Sex Education program that includes how and why to use condoms properly....   [tags: condoms, schools, sex education,]

Powerful Essays
739 words (2.1 pages)

The 5 Step Risk Management Model Essay

- The 5-step risk management model offers a continuous, organized decision-making method to guide the risk planning process. This model allows managers to 1) identify risks, 2) assess hazards, 3) develop controls and make decisions, 4) implement controls, and 5) supervise and evaluate changes. The 5-step model forms the basis for deliberate planning, and familiarization further forms a framework for individuals that make risk decisions at the operational phase or tactical level. Step one begins with the identification of hazards associated with a specific activity....   [tags: Risk management, Management, Risk, Evaluation]

Powerful Essays
1120 words (3.2 pages)

Condoms Essay

- Condoms The word condom is probably derived from Latin "condus" meaning receptacle. Another explanation is that the gut condom was invented by the English army doctor Colonel Quondam in around 1645 and that the word is a corruption of his name. We do not know who invented condoms, but we do know that they were in use. There is evidence of this in the writings of Marquis de Sade, Casanova and James Boswell. The latter, a Scottish lawyer and writer, protected himself against sexually transmitted diseases by using a linen condom....   [tags: Sex Protection Condoms Descriptive Process Essays]

Powerful Essays
3573 words (10.2 pages)

condoms Essay

- Why people do not use condoms Many men and women prefer unprotected intercourse or using another contraceptive method rather than using a condom. Among currently married women of reproductive age, only 5 percent use condoms for contraception worldwide, and only 3 percent in less developed regions of the world, according to United Nations estimates of contraceptive use. In this chapter we a re going to analyze or try to explain why some people don’t use condoms. In order to do this, we used some theory of the book ‘Social Psychology’ (7th edition) by David G....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
1751 words (5 pages)