Dr. Volkow’s work has been instrumental in demonstrating that drug addiction is a disease of the human brain. As a research psychiatrist and scientist, Dr. Volkow pioneered the use of brain imaging to investigate the toxic effects and addictive properties of abuseable drugs. Her studies have documented changes in the dopamine system affecting, among others, the functions of frontal brain regions involved with motivation, drive, and pleasure in addiction. (Volkow, 2013)
Homelessness is a persistent problem—nearly 690,000 people are homeless on a given
night in America—and it takes a terrible toll in sickness and mortality. The leading cause of
death among homeless Americans used to be HIV, but that has been replaced by a new epidemic:
drug overdose. (Volkow, 2013)
Drug overdoses accounted for almost 17 percent of the deaths in a cohort of over 28,000 current or former homeless adults studied from 2003 to 2008. Of those overdose deaths, 81 percent involved opioids. (Volkow, 2013)
In the general population, it is prescription drugs, particularly opioid painkillers, that now are the main cause of overdose death, outnumbering deaths from all other drugs (including heroin) combined. Of the opioids contributing to overdoses in the Boston study, the bulk were indeed painkillers and other non-heroin narcotics. (Volkow, 2013)
The toll of substance abuse among homeless people goes beyond fatal overdoses. Other deaths caused by substance use disorders, especially alcoholism. Looking deeper into the ...
... middle of paper ...
...ult they lost custody and gave up their parental rights. Sadly, the resident got “lost” in the “system” and once she turned 18, she was basically on her own.
I also worked with male resident who is an alcoholic and compulsive gambler. I was able to find and set up dates and times for him to attend Alcoholics Anonymous and Gamblers Anonymous meetings which I often met him at. He stated he liked the AA meetings but didn’t care for the GA meetings because they were too long (2 hours). He also stated that the only reason he stayed at the GA meetings was because they had good coffee and pastries.
Some of the staff stated that this particular resident had no desire to attend any meetings, and once I came along and chatted with him, met him at these meetings he has made remarkable progress in attitude and behavior. In the words of Dr. Morgan-Gardner, “kindness matters”.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Childhood Abuse and Alcohol Addiction Introduction Although child abuse can be one of the most noticeable crimes in today’s world, it is a crime that typically goes unreported. The abuse of a child is generally referred to as a physical injustice, but it also includes the sometimes-unnoticed aspects like neglect or emotional abuse. Emotional abuse is more complex than other types of abuse and “is a more hidden form of childhood maltreatment, which can be characterized as degrading, terrorizing, isolating, denying/rejecting, and exploitive/corruptive caregiving” (Shin, Lee, Jeon, & Wills, 2015).... [tags: Child abuse, Domestic violence, Abuse, Neglect]
1108 words (3.2 pages)
- Why addiction is hard to Quit 1 Addiction is one of the hardest difficulties to overcome, yet people often find themselves caught in the world wind of addiction. We all ask the question to what makes a person an addict, or why is it so hard for drug addicts to overcome this problem. However, can we say that getting a hold of drugs is much easier in today’s society, or is it made available to easily. In this day and age, heroine seems to be a major epidemic; furthermore, opiates have been around for centuries.... [tags: Morphine, Drug addiction, Heroin, Addiction]
1072 words (3.1 pages)
- The Path to a Drug Free Nation The repeated use of drugs often causes both physical and psychological dependence, as mentioned in an article by the Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia (“Drug Dependence”). In order for an individual to truly be set free from their addiction, seeking treatment is necessary. Rehab centers are a great place with scientifically proven methods to cure those addicted to drugs. It is important to try to end drug use in our country, rather than allowing it to continue longer than it already has.... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Substance abuse, Drug]
1486 words (4.2 pages)
- One of the largest concerns within our nation is opioid dependence and the rise in abuse rates of medicinal and illicit opioids. Many illicit and medicinal drugs such as Morphine and Heroin, come from the internal secretions of the opium poppy plant (Papaver somniferum) and are highly available and acclaimed for their analgesic and euphoric effects within the general population (Veilleux et al., 2010). Veilleux et al. (2010) concluded that given these properties of opioids there is a dangerously high potential for abuse.... [tags: Morphine, Drug addiction, Addiction, Heroin]
904 words (2.6 pages)
- Substance Abuse a Social Problem Substance abuse is an issue that plays a major social problem in society, the effect of drugs on families and communities is destructive. This paper will discuss evidence showing how substance abuse is a specific social problem that is widespread, and is affecting every level of our judicial system. Many people turn to drugs for many different reasons, they will try just about anything to relieve the pain. In our society today many people go through devastating experiences in their life.... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Drug abuse]
1792 words (5.1 pages)
- How does one define addiction. Is it a conscious choice in which the addict chooses to divulge in drugs, or is it a biological disease in which the addict has no choice in the matter at all and must take drugs as an involuntary necessity. Kent Dunnington tries to solve this discourse by denying the validity of both the disease method and the choice method by introducing a third choice, habit. He explains that addiction is a habit because habit “explains how the will can act consistently and successfully without being worn down by the weight of desire or tripped up by uncoordinated desires because habits qualify and coordinate desires (Dunnington, 61).... [tags: Addiction, Drug addiction, Thomas de Quincey]
1245 words (3.6 pages)
- The model of addiction etiology that best describes why people get addicted and how best to help them is biopsychosocial model. The biopsychosocial model, first developed by cardiologist Dr. George Engel, is today widely accepted by the mental health professions. The biopsychosocial model describes addiction as a brain illness that causes personality and social problems. The biopsychosocial model lets us to make solid and accurate differences between substance use, abuse, and dependence. It also allows the signs of addiction to be recognized and structured into progressive stages.... [tags: Psychiatry, Psychology, Addiction]
1028 words (2.9 pages)
- Why addiction is hard to kick 1 Addiction is one of the hardest problems to overcome, yet people often find some reward in abusing drugs. We all ask the question to what makes a person an addict, or why is it so hard for drug addicts to kick a drug problem. However, can we say that getting a hold of drugs is much easier in today’s society, or is it made available to easy. In this day and age, heroine seems to be a major epidemic; furthermore, opiates have been around for centuries.... [tags: Drug addiction, Morphine, Heroin, Addiction]
1048 words (3 pages)
- The strategy focuses on both the public health and public safety aspects of drug use and substance abuse disorders. This policy focuses on addiction disease and on the importance of preventing drug use, as well as providing treatment to those who need it, including those who are involved in the criminal justice system (ONDCP, 2014). This policy also emphasizes support for millions of individuals who are in recovery from substance abuse use disorders involving drugs (ONDCP, 2014). The importance of the policy is to control the drugs in the United States, and ways to prevent drug abuse of the citizens.... [tags: Drug addiction, Substance abuse, Health care]
1001 words (2.9 pages)
- Statistically, the Florida Youth Substance Abuse Survey Report (2014) measures a series of eight antisocial behaviors such as carrying or taking a handgun to school, selling drugs, attempting to steal a vehicle, being arrested, getting suspended, attacking someone with intent to harm and being drunk or high at school. Hispanic/Latino students represent 50.1% of the survey sample. For example, high school students reported, the lowest protective factor scale scores were Family Rewards for Prosocial Involvement rate at (56%) and Religiosity rate at (57%).... [tags: Drug addiction, Addiction, Drug abuse]
1711 words (4.9 pages)