HCV: The Hepatitis C Virus Essay

HCV: The Hepatitis C Virus Essay

Length: 945 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. There are currently five known viruses that cause can hepatitis (Microbiology, 10e). The hepatitis C virus (HCV) is transmitted through contact with the blood of an infected person; however, it is now more commonly spread among IV drug users that share needles. Healthcare workers are also at risk for contracting HCV, but with standard precautions, the risk is low. “Prior to 1992, some people acquired the HCV infection from transfusions of blood or blood products. Since 1992, all blood products have been screened for HCV, and cases of HCV due to blood transfusion now are extremely rare. HCV can be passed from mother to unborn child. Approximately 4 out of every 100 infants born to HCV-positive mothers become infected with the virus. A small number of cases are transmitted through sexual intercourse; however, the risk of transmission of HCV from an infected individual to a non-infected spouse or sexual partner without the use of condoms over a lifetime has been estimated to be between 1% and 4%. There have also been some outbreaks of HCV when instruments exposed to blood have been re-used without appropriate disinfection.” (Microbiology, 10e)
The HCV virus measures about 50 nm in diameter; it is classified as a separate genus (Hepacivirus) within the Flaviviridae family. It is the virus that causes Hepatitis C. This family of viruses all has ribonucleic acid (RNA) as their genetic material. “All hepatitis C viruses have an outer coat or envelope and contain enzymes and proteins that allow the virus to reproduce within the cells of the body, in this case, liver cells.” There are at least six strains of the hepatitis C virus, and they all have this structure but have different genotypes. These ...

... middle of paper ...

...platelet count. Depression, irritability, sleep disturbances, anxiety and personality changes have also been noted as adverse effects of this treatment. But the most significant side effect of ribavirin is hemolytic anemia. Hemolytic anemia is a type of anemia due to destruction of red blood cells. Other side effects with ribavirin include cough, and some shortness of breath. There also may be some rashes. There is also the risk of birth defects. In spite of these reported side effects, the virus can be completely eradicated in many cases following treatment.

Works Cited

World Health Organization website, (retrieved November 16, 2011)

Hepatitis C Support Project, (retrieved November 27, 2011)

Tortora, Funke, Case, (10th edition), Microbiology

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Hepatitis C (HCV) Essay example

- Hepatitis C (HCV), a single stranded RNA virus from the family Flaviviridae, now accounts for more disease and death that does human immunodeficiency virus HIV/AIDS. Approximately 3 million individuals within the United States are currently suffering from what was once and unknown and untreatable virus. Non-A and non-B hepatitis are two forms of the virus that were prevalent back in the 1970’s. It was commonly acquired via blood transfusion as well as through hemodialysis methods of renal failure patients (Klevens et al., 2012)....   [tags: RNA, virus, liver, health]

Better Essays
2355 words (6.7 pages)

Essay about Symptoms And Symptoms Of Acute Hcv

- 10 SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS There are many signs and symptoms that a patient may encounter whether one is infected with Chronic HCV or Acute HCV. Patients who have Acute HCV have general or nonspecific symptoms such as flu like symptoms. Only about one in four patients may start to show signs and symptoms in the first six months (National Health Services (NHS), 2013). Symptoms in patients with Acute HCV may not become visible until the disease has fully progressed to Chronic HCV (NHS, 2013). After six months of the progression of Acute HCV, most patients will develop chronic HCV (NHS, 2013)....   [tags: Hepatitis C, Liver, Cirrhosis, ELISA]

Better Essays
1312 words (3.7 pages)

Disease Conditions of Hepatitis C Essay

- Hepatitis C (HCV) is defined as inflammation of the liver, caused by a virus. The liver, because of its diversity, can be locally diffuse throughout the liver or it can manifest systemically (Osborn, Wraa, Watson and Hollaeran, 2014). It can be acute or chronic, mild or life threatening, depending on the type and duration of the infection. HCV has an incubation period of 35 to 72 days and replicates at a very high rate, mutating readily, which does not allow the host’s immune system to keep up and destroy the virus (Osborn, et al, 2014)....   [tags: HCV, liver, blood flow]

Better Essays
1799 words (5.1 pages)

Hepatitis And Opioid Addiction Essay

- Hepatitis and Opioid Addiction Introduction of Hepatitis and Opioid Addiction The chronic use of drugs place individuals at a higher risk for contracting viral hepatitis ("Viral Hepatitis," n.d.). Opioid abuse is a serious public health issue and has become an epidemic across the United States with drug overdose deaths being the leading cause of injury death in the United States ("The U.S. Opioid Epidemic," 2017). Opioid users, which include intravenous drug users as well as both heroin and prescription opioid misusers, are a higher risk than others to be infected with the hepatitis C virus (Murphy, Dweik, McPherson, & Roll, 2015)....   [tags: Addiction, Heroin, Drug addiction, Hepatitis C]

Better Essays
1536 words (4.4 pages)

Hepatitis C ( Hcv ) Essay

- Hepatitis C (HCV) is an infection affecting 170 million people worldwide which ultimately results in liver cirrhosis and hepatic failure in patients with chronic HCV, although HCV was discovered 15 years ago, our understanding of HCV has been limited due to the inability to grow the virus in cell culture (Chevaliez and Pawlotsky, 2006). Hepatitis C virus itself consists of a protein capsid enclosing the genetic material which in the case of HCV is one RNA strand containing 9600 nucleotides. Infection is caused when HCV virus binds to liver cells using cell surface receptors E1 and E2 to induce infection (Jensen and Reau, 2013)....   [tags: ELISA, Antibody, Immunoassay, Immune system]

Better Essays
1291 words (3.7 pages)

Hepatitis C: The Potential Therapy for Hepatitis C Essay

- Introduction Hepatitis C is a chronic liver disease that is caused by an infection from hepatitis C virus (HCV). The hepatitis C virus is an RNA virus that belongs to the Hepacivirus genus of the Flaviviridae family (Lauer and Walker, 2001). Nearly 170 million people are chronically infected by this virus, which represents approximately 3% of the world population (Mohd Hanafiah et al., 2013). Chronic hepatitis C can lead to other serious liver diseases such as hepatocellular carcinoma and liver cirrhosis (Zazrin et al., 2013)....   [tags: treatment, rna virus]

Better Essays
1393 words (4 pages)

Types of Hepatitis Essay

- Understanding Hepatitis and preventing exposure in the workplace. The word “Hepatitis” means inflammation of the liver. Hepatitis is caused by viruses, which are small organisms that can cause disease. There are many different types of viruses that cause hepatitis, and it is possible to be infected with more than one hepatitis virus at the same time. Each virus is completely different from the other viruses, all are prevented and transmitted differently, and each causes different symptoms. Understanding how the different types of hepatitis can spread is the first key to prevention....   [tags: Liver, Virus, Workplace]

Better Essays
1345 words (3.8 pages)

Treatment Methods for Patients Diagnosed with Hepatitis C Virus Essay

- Looking at treatment methods for patient diagnosed with Hepatitis C virus (HCV), Grogan and Timmons performed a quantitative study to look at patients’ experiences with a clinical specialist (2010). In reviewing this article, further discussion will include the study’s research design, participant assignment, data collection, and results. Focus Question Grogan and Timmons’ article state that their main focus “is to explore patients’ perceptions of the support they received from the nurse specialist in a HCV outpatient clinic of a National Hepatology Centre” (2010, p....   [tags: Article Analysis ]

Better Essays
1799 words (5.1 pages)

Hepatitis Essay

- Hepatitis refers to as an inflammation of the liver, which may result from various causes (infectious and non-infectious). The inflammation happens when an immune system detects a foreign particle and sends out signal to surround the infected area with white blood cells. This ends up causing redness, swelling, and sometimes pain. The liver’s function is to detoxify the blood, storing vitamins, and producing hormones. All these functions can be disrupted by hepatitis, causing severe health problems....   [tags: Hepatitis, Hepatitis C, Hepatitis B, Liver]

Better Essays
1366 words (3.9 pages)

Hepatitis C Essays

- Introduction For this essay, I will do research on Hepatitis C for recognition targeted towards technical publications as JAMA, New England Journal Of Medicine etc. Hepatitis C (HCV) causes inflammation of the liver and can cause liver damage leading to cirrhosis. Occasionally, liver cancer may develop. First called non-A non-B hepatitis, hepatitis C was discovered in the early 1970’s, but it wasn’t until 1989 that testing for specific antibodies to the virus began. Each year, 15,000 Americans contract hepatitis C, which is a more frequent cause of chronic liver disease than hepatitis B....   [tags: Hepatitis C Essays]

Free Essays
527 words (1.5 pages)