Theories created by men carried a far greater influence than theories from women. Sigmund Freud is an excellent example of male authority taking charge of a subject that he does not understand. Although Freud is largely recognized as a prestigious man of psychoanalysis, he had many outlandish ideas towards women, and he admitted to not understanding the complexities surrounding women. He clung to gender stereotypes and depicted the female as an inferior being, eternally jealous of men (Lax 394). The weak and incapable portrayal of female in Freud’s psychoanalytical theories treated the ability of women ever entering this new study of psychology. Freud’s arrival to America in 1909 began America’s fascination with psychoanalysis. The American Psych...
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...etal norms as the cause of women feeling inadequate. Both Horney and Thompson worked to empower women in psychoanalysis and attempted to overcome the dogmas created by egotistical men not just through their their work but though their actions and example. Clara Thompson was described as having a “deep well of energy” (McGovern 546). She was well respected for her ability to teach while managing a large patient load as an analyzing instructor at the New York Psychoanalytic Institute and then perform her job exceedingly well as head of the William Alanson White Institute in Washington. Karen Horney has a complicated personal life that would have been enough to overwhelm most people. Instead, Horney worked hard to maintain a successful professional life and fought to overcome the discrimination she faced as women not just for herself but for all of womankind (McGovern).
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