Essay on The Harm Caused By Hydraulic Fracking

Essay on The Harm Caused By Hydraulic Fracking

Length: 937 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The year 1821 marked history when William Hart dug the first successful natural gas well. Since then, natural gas has become a vital part in heating and cooling homes, cooking, and powering automobiles. Natural gas is also a useful tool in manufacturing products, such as glass or polyethylene. This hydrocarbon energy source is twenty-seven percent of the total energy consumption in the United States alone (EIA, U.S. energy consumption by major fuel type). However, it is not just one big pocket of black gold, oil and gas are in thousands of little pockets underground. By fracturing rocks around the pockets, the gas is released and collected. Even though natural gas is one of the cleanest burning fossil fuels, not many are aware of the damage that has been caused through fracturing in order to obtain this natural resource. Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is harmful not only to the environment but to our health; and while it isn’t ideal to eliminate hydraulic fracturing, there should be tighter restrictions on the process to obtain the resource to protect the environment.
Firstly, hydraulic fracturing uses an enormous amount of water. Just to frack one well, one time, it takes approximately two to six million gallons of water. That is enough to run a town of about 42,000 people for a day. The world is majority of salt water, not fresh water and hydraulic fracturing uses only fresh water. As a whole, the fracking industry used 26.6 billion gallons of fresh water in 2011. Plus, in rural areas, fracking can account for 25% of water usage. This is extremely wasteful and a misuse of water that could be going to the people. Fracking produces a lot more wastewater than traditional oil and gas drilling. Not only is an extreme amount of w...

... middle of paper ...

...water, 1% sand, and 0.5% chemical additives. Some of the chemical additives are used in ice cream. Plus, Colorado’s Democratic governor, John Hickenlooper, drank fracking fluid to prove its safety to his local residents. The water used in the fracking process can also be stored, reinjected, and recycled. When this is done correctly, fracking should not contaminate drinking water aquifers. Companies don’t want to harm the environment, and have set out ways to improve the fracturing process. Methane emissions are twenty percent lower in 2010 compared to 1990. This shows how the method to obtain natural gas is improving not getting worse.
Considering all the arguments, hydraulic fracturing is a very important resource to the nation however, because it is harmful to the environment, it is best that there should be heavy restrictions put on obtaining the resource.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Hydraulic Fracturing or Fracking Essay

- Hydraulic fracturing is the propagation of fractures in a rock layer by a pressurized fluid. Fracking is one such highly dynamic source of getting natural gas.The technique is used to increase or restore the rate which fluids, such as oil, gas or water, can be produced from the formation. By creating or restoring fractures, the surface area of the formation exposed to the borehole is increased and the fracture provides a conductive path connecting the reservoir to the well, which effectively increases the rate that fluids can be produced from the reservoir formationsIt cannot be denied that people and governments need this resource in wake of technology changes....   [tags: natural gal exploitation]

Better Essays
830 words (2.4 pages)

Fracking Or Hydraulic Fracturing? Essay

- Fracking or hydraulic fracturing is when some corporations extract gas and oil from rocks that lay deep underground. The United States of America have used the fracking method since the 1940s, but in recent years, it has become popular within investors to make a profit out of. Despite that the oil industry has become a higher demand now in today’s society for the demands of people. According to statistics around 60% of oil consumption is made possible by hydraulic fracking. Additionally, corporations such as Halliburton that drill a well that injects millions of gallons of toxic fracking fluids make the extraction of oil possible....   [tags: United States, Water, Water pollution]

Better Essays
1721 words (4.9 pages)

Peer Review Work Abour Support for Hydraulic Fracturing Essay

- The question of whether or not hydraulic fracturing increases the likelihood of harm to the environment, and to humans has come to light. The negative effects that fracking poses is dwarfed by both its current and projected benefits. For instance, Terry Engelders and Thomas Merill have written peer reviewed work about their support for fracking. In this paper, I will explain the main points that the two authors make in selected articles, improve their points by relating the authors main points, and lastly conclude with a concise summary of the main points and how the main points apply in a general context....   [tags: terry engelders, fracking, thomas merill]

Better Essays
1098 words (3.1 pages)

Hydraulic Fracturing And Its Effects On The Environment Essays

- Dylan Gilfilian Professor Cambridge ENGL-100-M06 November 20, 2015 Hydraulic fracturing should not be implemented in New York. It is not a safe method of energy and it is harmful to both the lives of humans and animals, and also the economy. Hydraulic fracturing, commonly referred to as “fracking”, extracts natural gas and oil from rock that lies very deep underneath the ground. During the drilling process in hydraulic fracturing, water, sand, and a mix of chemicals are blasted into the rock and it releases the natural gas....   [tags: Water, Groundwater, Natural gas, Water pollution]

Better Essays
1550 words (4.4 pages)

Natural Gas Fracking Risks Essays

- Natural gas is said to be one of the most popular forms of energy today. In the past, often left undeveloped and wasted, it was once considered “unusable” and “worthless”, compared to oil. In order to try to break our country’s dependence on foreign oil supplies, we have begun to dip into our own natural gas supply. Natural gas is found underground, and is produced when trapped gas is released above ground. Hydraulic fracturing or fracking is a process that extracts natural gas from the ground....   [tags: Safe Drinking Water Act, Drilling Areas]

Better Essays
1503 words (4.3 pages)

Environmental Concerns Of Oil And Gas Fracking Essay

- Overview of Environmental Concerns related to Oil and Gas Fracking As long as the world continues to need energy from fossil fuels, the oil and gas industry will develop new techniques for maximizing recovery of deposits in the ground. Fracturing, a relatively expensive new process for accessing major oil and gas formations across the US and other energy-producing nations, is at the center of an important ethical and environmental controversy. Hydraulic fracturing (“fracking”) and unconventional shale gas recovery are processes for speeding up the production and harvesting of natural gas and/or oil in underground formations....   [tags: Natural gas, Petroleum, Shale gas, Oil well]

Better Essays
1673 words (4.8 pages)

Hydraulic Fracturing And The United States For Shale Gas Essay

- Hydraulic fracturing in the United States for shale gas is still a large issue of debate because of the effects this method of extraction has upon the current and future water supply. If we as Americans decide to continue to allow shale gas development to continue, then we are allowing our water resources to also be put in jeopardy due to the consequences of extracting a known fossil fuel. And this is precisely the fact why this issue is so important for policy makers to consider. Due to the different groups that benefit form extraction of shale oil and there different power holds on politics, it will determine how a particular policymaker will face and address the issue in government....   [tags: Water, Water supply, Shale gas, Water management]

Better Essays
764 words (2.2 pages)

Fracking : The Gas And Oil From Shale Formations Located Deep Underground

- Have you ever been to Hell. No one is quite sure how far underground you have to go to get there or what you have to do to be sent there, but no one truly wants to go. Fracking might be putting people closer to Hell than the government thinks. What is fracking. “…hydraulic fracturing… as a means of extracting natural gas and oil from shale formations located deep underground (Davis and Fisk 1). Fracking has caused many ethical issues due to the many problems it has caused for the people who live around the fracking sites....   [tags: Water supply network, Water]

Better Essays
959 words (2.7 pages)

Essay The Federal Government Should Regulate Fracking

- An individual’s environment plays a pivotal role in their overall health. The environment can affect a range of physical and mental processes, and is considered a defining factor of well-being. As a result, specific geographic areas are instrumental in shaping an individual’s health profile. This is clearly seen in the disparity between those living in areas exposed to toxic substances, versus individuals living in clean environments. Individuals in unpolluted environments experience the advantage of a body system free from the barrage of chemical assault....   [tags: hydraulic fracking research paper]

Better Essays
3264 words (9.3 pages)

Essay about Hydraulic Fracturing: Fracking for a Better World

- In recent years there has been great concern over the growing demand for energy, and the lack of non-renewable energy resources to meet the demand in the future. In addition, the question of “sustainability”—the ability to balance social, economic, and environmental needs in energy production to meet both current and long-term requirements—has come to the fore. It is clear that America must expand energy production quickly, and that we must develop renewable, sustainable energy sources to meet long-term demand and protect our future....   [tags: hydrofracking, fracking, fraccing]

Better Essays
3562 words (10.2 pages)