The Harlem Renaissance Essay

The Harlem Renaissance Essay

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The Harlem Renaissance, a cultural movement that began in the 1920s, brought an excitement and a new found freedom and voice to African-Americans who had been silent and oppressed for a long time. The evolution of African-American culture, expressed through art, music and creative writings, and establishing roots in European-American society became known as the Harlem Renaissance. (“Harlem Renaissance”)
After the American Civil War ended in 1865 more jobs and education became available for black. Blacks had finally created a middle class in America. Those blacks were expecting to be treated fairly and have the same life as white Americans. In 1896 equal rights for all races came to a halt when the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court ruled racial segregation acceptable. Separate, but ‘equal’ was the motto. African-Americans, in the south, were met with harsh conditions as they worked and lived among whites. Because of this, more blacks started moving to the north because it was considered less vicious. The north allowed all adult men voting rights and provided better education for African-Americans. More jobs became available thanks to World War 1 and the industrial revolution. This became known as the Great Migration and brought more than seven million African-Americans to the North ("Harlem Renaissance"). What was housing like in Harlem? Housing in Harlem was originally intended for white workers to commute to the city, but developers built houses faster than transportation could keep up with causing middle-class white people to leave. White landlords sold their properties to black estate agents like Philip A. Payton and Henry C. Parker ("Harlem Renaissance"). The development of midtown caused many blacks to move to Harlem; by 1920...


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Hillstrom, Kevin. Defining Moments: The Harlem Renaissance. 1st ed. Detroit : Omnigraphics Inc., 2008. 83. Print.

Louis. N.p.. Web. 12 Mar 2014. .

Ossman, David, and Dan Gediman. "Jazz Profiles from NPR Cab Calloway." NPR. NPR, n.d. Web. 12 Mar 2014. http://www.npr.org/programs/jazzprofiles/archive/calloway.html

"Satchel Paige Biography." The Official Satchel Paige. Paige Equities . Web. 12 Mar 2014. .

Smith, Jay. "Chicago's Harlem Globetrotters." WTTW. WWCI, n.d. Web. 12 Mar 2014. .

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