After the American Civil War ended in 1865 more jobs and education became available for black. Blacks had finally created a middle class in America. Those blacks were expecting to be treated fairly and have the same life as white Americans. In 1896 equal rights for all races came to a halt when the Plessy v. Ferguson Supreme Court ruled racial segregation acceptable. Separate, but ‘equal’ was the motto. African-Americans, in the south, were met with harsh conditions as they worked and lived among whites. Because of this, more blacks started moving to the north because it was considered less vicious. The north allowed all adult men voting rights and provided better education for African-Americans. More jobs became available thanks to World War 1 and the industrial revolution. This became known as the Great Migration and brought more than seven million African-Americans to the North ("Harlem Renaissance"). What was housing like in Harlem? Housing in Harlem was originally intended for white workers to commute to the city, but developers built houses faster than transportation could keep up with causing middle-class white people to leave. White landlords sold their properties to black estate agents like Philip A. Payton and Henry C. Parker ("Harlem Renaissance"). The development of midtown caused many blacks to move to Harlem; by 1920...
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